ABSTRACT THEME-REHABILITATION OF TRAFFICKED VICTIMS: CHALLENGES REHABILITATION, REINTEGRATION AND REPATRIATION OF TRAFFICKED VICTIMS: CHALLENGES AND MEASURES TO COMBAT THE EFFECTS Trafficking of women and children, violating basic human rights is an organized sensitive global crime. Trafficking at its core, is reducing human beings to property and exercising absolute control by means of violence and exploitation over that “property”. It is fraught with myriad complexities because the victims comprise “the hidden population”, those from commercial sex industry, factories, hotel businesses, domestic workers, beggars, victims of ritual servitude etc. Findings suggest trafficking causes short and long term irreversible personal traumas which can be divided into three main categories: physical, psychological and behavioural damages. In many countries, trafficked victims are denied legal residence status and may be subjected to deportation, even before they get to participate in the criminal process or to demand compensation.
Traffickers use several means to prevent victims from escaping. These may range from physical restraint in the form of locks and guards, physical or psychological violence, drugging or by instilling a fear of the police, making the victims believe that they are the offenders. The trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation results in a negative impact on the health and well being of the victims, which could be long term and ultimately life-threatening. Human trafficking prevents victims from attaining physical, mental and social well-being. During the process of being
Because sexual abuse is such a disturbing incident, false accusations of sexual abuse have huge, if not shocking, consequences for families. There is a bit of controversy about false memory syndrome, on one side by those who believe that the memories are not true, and on the other side by those who say that people who have committed the sexual abuse acts are using false memory syndrome to question allegations against them. The effects of memories such as these rising to the surface, whether they are actual memories or not, is often devastating to formerly functional families. The article in question has taken on the view from the False Memory Society in which the accused has stated that the accusations are false. The article revolves around one daughter who is split on whether to believe her sister’s letter about her father sexual assaulting her when she was 2 or to believe that her father is innocent.
Prostitution raises many ethical issues from it being immoral because it tends to involve coercion, prostitution can be exploitive, it is degrading and involves violence/HIV. However, on the other side of the board, many people feel prostitution is an American freedom, a victimless crime and should be legal. One reason given as to why prostitution is immoral is that it tends to involve coercion. In most cases, people do not freely decide to become prostitutes. Sometimes, they are driven to the profession by desperation and a lack of other employment opportunities.
The Rehabilitation of a Sex Offender? The overall goal of sexual offender treatment programs is to reduce the likelihood of offender recidivism in the future. Research has proven this goal an undesirable task because the variables leading to sexual abuse are many and often debated over, and there is also considerable resistance often on the part of the offender to fully engage in the treatment process. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been the preferred method for sex offender treatment however recent studies indicate an increase in the acceptance of psychoanalytical therapy. This essay will describe the benefits and limits of psychoanalytical and cognitive therapy while contrasting the use of these theories in treating sex offenders.
Sex offenders, as a class of criminals, are nine times more likely to repeat their crimes. The high recidivism rate is a problem for the public, potential victims, and the legal system. It would be irresponsible for the legal system to ignore the criminal class known as sex offenders. Sex offenders as a class of criminals are subject to a recurring physiological urge that requires the use of effective restraints that would curb the habitual repetition of episodes producing the harmful consequences to the public. Meaning of Castration “Castration (also referred to as: gelding, spaying, neutering, fixing, orchctomy, ophorectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which a male loses the functions of the testicles or a female loses the functions of the ovaries.
It has been criticized to be too complex and sophisticated for some of the sex offender population. It has been argued that the treatment’s main focus should not be to avoid certain triggers, but to set goals and healthy coping mechanisms (Saleh, et al., 2009). Avoidance strategies can be very difficult and hard to stick with, and results in lowering the self esteem of the offender. Another weakness of the didactic treatment models is that they do not take into account individual factors and treatment may not be really effective because of this (Saleh, et al., 2009). Chemical castration is aimed to reduce recidivism in sex offenders, as it has been thought that reducing or suppressing the production of testosterone will suppress an individual’s deviant fantasies, sex drive, sexual behavior, and
Legalized Prostitution By Simonique Hart Instructor Carl Waluconis 6/11/2008 In a world where freedom and equality is encouraged lives one of the greatest injustices of mankind. The oldest professions known to the human race is considered immoral, publicly shunned, and is illegal in numerous countries. Prostitution has been in existence longer than any other reported form of work, which proves that this profession is not just a passing fad and will most likely never cease to exist. There have been countless debates on the topic of prostitution, mostly on how to eradicate it, but the present controversy is whether or not prostitution should be recognized as a legitimate profession and therefore legalized. There are more than just two sides to the debate on prostitution, but all sides have some common ground on issues such as trafficking (forced prostitution), child prostitution, spread of STDs, and drug use.
Why are prisons bursting at the seams? According to Joe Romaine of the International Business Times, it is because of America’s “insane drug laws,” which are doing more harm than good (Romaine). Many people may argue that drug offenders are getting what’s coming to them— they broke the law, and therefore it is part of their consequence to suffer through the overcrowded “cruel and unusual” incarceration. Individuals who argue this point are mistaken because although criminals should indeed receive punishment for their actions, there comes a time when a line of propriety is crossed. The ‘war on drugs’ has become a harsh and unnecessary measure that frankly costs American taxpayers far too much money.
Section I: Overview Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery. It is the illegal trade in human beings through abduction, the use or threat of force, deception, fraud, or sale for the purposes of sexual exploitation or forced labor. The prevalence of human trafficking into and within the United States is difficult to estimate for several reasons. Given the covert nature of the crime, accurate statistics on the nature, prevalence, and geography of human trafficking are difficult to calculate. U.S. government-funded antitrafficking projects often lack some important elements that allow projects to be monitored, and little is known about project impact due to difficulties in conducting evaluations.