Outline and Evaluate the Memory Store Model

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Outline and evaluate research that supports the multi-store model. The multi-store model consists of three different types of memory store, sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Information enters the sensory memory and if attention is paid to the information it is passed on to short term memory, if it is not paid attention the information will be lost. Once in short term memory, information is either transferred into long term memory by rehearsal or is lost. The recency effect appears in serial recall tasks. Items at the end of the list seen to be better recalled than those in the middle. Earlier items are remembered because they have been transferred to the long term memory. Later items are still in the short term memory. A experiment was carried out by Glanzer and Cunitz. They did an experiment to find evidence for the existence of separate short term and long term memory stores. For this experiment participants were presented a list, one at a time they had to recall words in any order, they were divided into two groups for this. One group had to recall words in Immediate recall while the other group had to do it in delayed recall. The findings of the experiment showed that the immediate recall group remembered the first and last words best and the delayed group remembered the words from the beginning of the list best. This suggests that both groups were able to remember words that were stored in the long term memory but words at the end of the list were still in the short term memory. There is considerable research evidence for the distinction between several types of memory-store: sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Duration is a big distinction between sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. The duration for sensory memory can only hold information for a fraction of seconds, an experiment by
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