According to Marx – in a capitalist society, the economic relationship of exploitation requires ideologies in the superstructure to cover up inequality – they are not innocent/neutral because they justify inequality and serve the interest of powerful groups. Marx argued that the organisation of production in a society shapes the nature of society – refers to this as base/superstructure. The base of the infrastructure is the economy – determines the ideas of society and superstructure – social, cultural, political and ideological parts of society. All history can be divided into five epochs/period; primitive consumerism – everything is shared, in class
Therefore, for Marxists, the functions of the family are to benefit the capitalist system. Marxists see three functions that the family fulfil for capitalism; inheritance of property, ideological functions and a unit of consumption. Inheritance of property; Marxists argue that the mode of production is the key factor in determining the shape of all social institutions (such as the family). They say, as the mode of production evolves, so does the family. Marx called the earliest, classless society, primitive communism.
The dominant form of industrial organization by the end of the nineteenth century was A. The putting-out system B. Cottage industry C. The factory system D. The guild system E. A socialist-directed economy 3. The Luddites A. Were the first Utopian Socialist thinkers B. Were the industrial workers that Marx felt would be the eventual victors in the revolution C. Led the movement away from traditional crafts manufacture and toward the factory system D. Were crafts workers who destroyed textile machines E. Promoted industrial advancement through their work in Parliament 4.
He was convinced that using scientific principles, sociologists could solve problems such as poverty, crime and war. Emile Durkheim paid a lot of emphasizes on social facts and social integration. Karl Marx devoted his life to analyzing and criticizing the society he observed. He was also interested in how capitalism shaped society. Max Weber, showed that the basic structure of society comes from the political, economic, cultural spheres.
.” (Document 9) As shown by charts illustrating both industrial and agricultural growth (Document s 2, 3, 6), Stalin’s economic venues helped Russia to become a modern industrial society and let to Russia’s rise to a world power. Also the focus on heavy industry made to help increase the grandeur of the state. Under a command economy, in which the government controls all decisions made concerning the economy and personal lives, Russia with no doubt grew strong. Stalin said “To slow down would mean falling behind. And those who fall behind are beaten.
An Outline of the Marxist Perspective on the Role of Education in Legitimizing Inequality In this essay I am going to examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce and justify the existing class structure. Marxists see capitalist society as being ruled by the economy. The minority, the ruling class or 'bourgeoisie' rule the majority, namely the workers or 'proletariat'. The bourgeoisie have the wealth and the power to rule. The proletariat is exploited because they are not treated fairly and this is the basis of class inequality During the nineteenth centaury there was much progress and support for the extension of education which was supported by those with a communist view point.
What were the Social and Political Effects of Industrialisation in Europe? The industrial revolution was an evolving process that led a society from an economy based on feudalism to another that was centred on large-scale productions, factories and machines: technology. This concept was used in Britain from the late 18th century up to the First World War where that enormous transition slowed down, because industrialisation has continued up till nowadays. The French Revolution caused many political and social changes, as new ideologies appeared next to a strong sense of equality and a demand for more liberty. Anyway it was the Industrial Revolution the one to achieve a complete transformation in people's lives.
The Belgians led the way in new coal-mining techniques the French had the first coal-fired blast furnace for making iron , and the Germans made the first industrial cotton mill. However, the Industrial Revolution did not make a significant impact elsewhere in Europe until the late 1800's. The Industrial revolution reached Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, and Sweden in the late 1800's. However their industrial development did not match the level of Belgium, France and Germany until the late twentieth century. Other Southern and Eastern European countries joined the industrial revolution in the twentieth century.
What efforts were made to improve the lot As defined by the famous 1800's revolutionary socialist, Karl Marx, the working class are individuals who sell their labor power for wages and who do not own the means of production. He argued that they were responsible for creating the wealth of a society. He asserted that the working class physically build bridges, craft furniture, grow food, and nurse children, but do not own land, or factories. In The Communist Manifesto, Marx argued that it was the destiny of the working class to displace the capitalist system, abolishing the social relationships underpinning the class system and then developing into a future communist society in which "the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all." The history of the working class has been set by the vast surplus of production available from industrialization creating better living standards.
P1- Explain the principle Sociological perspectives In this assignment I am going to describe the 6 different principles of sociological perspective’s. Marxism- The Marxist approach was first developed by Karl Marx in 1818-1883. He was known for critizing the capitalistic system as permitting a diminishing number of capailists to appreciate the benefits of improved industrial methods. While the labouring class was left in dependency, As well as being a conflict model it is said that the individual behaviour was shaped by society. He said that there were two social classes; the bourgeoisie (ruling class) were the powerful social class who owned factories and land.