The evidence shows that nearly 50% of hospitalized patients are at risk for falls and half of those who fall suffer an injury. Preventing patient falls is one of the top priorities for a nurse in every clinical setting. Evidence shows that patient fall in 1.9 to 3% of acute care hospitalizations (Spoelstra, Given & Given, 2011). Falls in old patients have a negative impact in their physical and emotional health, long term function, and quality of life. Patients injured in a fall may lead to increase hospital costs due to additional treatment and longer lengths of stay (Ang, Mordiffi, & Wong, 2011).
One research that looked into the stressful impacts of life changes was conducted by Holmes and Rahe (1967) who developed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) for identifying major stressful life events; the scale measures the degree of adjustment needed every time a life event happens. They asked 394 people to rate 43 different life changes and score them and the stressful life events were awarded a Life Change Unit (LCU) averaging out how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants. For example death of a spouse was considering extremely traumatic and given a stress value of 100 compared to a holiday like Christmas which was given stress value of 12. By adding up the total LCUs accumulated over the past year, we are able to identify what this means. A score of 0-149 is considered a relatively low amount of life change and therefore a low susceptibility to stress related illnesses.
This assignment will be looking at the patterns of health and illness amongst the social groups of gender, age, ethnicity, location and social class, in order to identify if there are links between social groups and a population’s state of health/ill health. Women are more likely to develop a cognitive health disorder compared to men. According to The Guardian (2013), ‘women are approximately 75% more likely than men to report recently having suffered from depression, and around 60% more likely to report an anxiety disorder.’ Arguably, this may be because women perform a ‘triple shift’- going to work in the day and coming home to perform domestic work & emotional work; listening to their partner talk about their day & offering them emotional support. This in turn can lead them to becoming depressed, as they have to take on the problems of their partners, as well as their own problems, and feeling like there is no-one else to talk to. Additionally, these figures may be this high, due to women being more likely to go to the doctor when there is something wrong with their health, whereas men will put off going to the doctors.
This difference was observed 40 days after the death and in some participants, still continued after six months. This supports the idea that stress may affect the immune system as they lymphocyte activity was significantly lower, meaning that the immune system has less defence, later resulting in illness. This study however is not completely reliable as it does not consider other factors to do with bereavement which can lower the immune system. These factors can include eating less, sleeping less, economic issues. Therefore, cannot be used singularly as each person will have a different experience and their body will work in different ways under these circumstances.
after completing this short class the RN will have the knowledge on how HIV/AIDS can be contracted, how its treated, and how to handle a patient and their privacy for this disease. This disease is just one of the risks that RN'S face. Health risks for Registered Nurses can be physical. Back injuries are very common among RN'S. According to Nursing Today approximately 40,000 nurses report a back related injury yearly.
Traditional treatments for depression such as pharmacotherapy can take between one and four weeks before any therapeutic effect is noticed and thirty percent of people do not respond to it at all (Craft, 2005). A single bout of exercise has been found to reduce the severity of depression and anxiety in clinical and non-clinical populations (Haake et al., 2009). Additionally, research indicates that the chronic effects of long-term exercise are equally as effective as pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy (Craft & Landers, 1998). Long-term exercise programs are particularly effective in alleviating the severity of depression in both clinical and non-clinical populations. They are also beneficial for anxious individuals and improving long-term well-being (Weinberg & Gould, 2011, p. 401).
Yet thousands of people die each year or escalates billions of debt to the health care system in the U.S. annually to fight them. According to the CDC these types of infections can be identified and isolated by cultures and laboratory testing. But to aid in helping battle the infections throughout the healthcare industry The Joint Commission has place accreditation requirements and various tools to reduce the infection rates in the healthcare field. Integration of Central Line Catheter Purposes
They show varying statistics about who has it, what it is, and how to treat PTSD. Understanding and learning to cope with this disorder requires more than simply studying statistics and figures. According to the article “Understanding PTSD”, Friedman (2012) states that more than 2.5 million men and women have served in Iraq and Afghanistan in the past 10 years, with many having several deployments. Any military service member will tell you that they were changed in many ways, both positive and negative. Because of this, it is very important to understand the causes, effects, and treatments for PTSD.
Gastric bypass surgery may not only help with obesity but it is believed that gastric bypass can help in treatment with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and sleep apnea. But there are many risks involved with the surgery, including death in about 2-3% of patients within one month of surgery. Gastric bypass surgery is an extensive procedure. Most qualified clients have a BMI of 40 or more and are morbidly obese. Clients planning to have gastric bypass surgery meet with a variety of specialists to determine their eligibility..
Primary Literature Assignment Physical Activity in Young Adults and Incident Hypertension Over 15 Years of Follow-Up: The CARDIA Study About 65 million adults in the US suffer from high blood pressure 1. Hypertension is a complicated disease that is caused by genetics and numerous lifestyle factors. Physical inactivity is one factor that is likely to cause a person to get hypertension 2-4. Although an adult of middle age or older have higher chances of developing hypertension, researchers are worried there might be a correlation between inactive young adults and hypertension as well. Therefore, a study on young adults is extremely important due to the many changes that a young adult goes through, such as, physical activity, weight, and many other factors linked with high blood pressure.