Outline and Evaluate Definitions to Define Abnormality

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Outline and Evaluate Attempts to define Abnormality (12marks) Deviation from social norms is the acceptable behavior in given societies, these are not formal laws but implicit e.g., appropriate displays of affection. If it breaks these boundaries I is known as anti-social or abnormal in the eyes of that society. Deviation from Ideal mental health is indent in 6 categories: self-attitudes, personal growth, integration, autonomy, and accurate perception of reality and mastery of the environment. Jahoda (1958) defined physical illness but the absence of physical health e.g. normal temperature, blood pressure, skin color. Failure to function adequately is based on the lack of ability to cope with everyday life. People can often live with feeling depressed now and again and not allow it to affect their daily functioning e.g. ability to work, however the if depression affected the family life then it could be seen as an abnormality. However a weakness of deviation form social norms is susceptical to Abuse. Szazz (1974) claimed that mental illness was a concept constructed to exclude non conformists from society, Also Cultural realism attempts to define abnormality by cultural factors so the diagnosis of the deviate may be different for the same person depending on where their behavior was executed. This suggests that there are no universal standards or rules for labeling a behavior as abnormal. Strength of failure to function adequately would be that the indicators are useful in determining whether someone has a psychological abnormality. This is because they would enable a decision about whether clinical intervention may be needed Furthermore a weakness of ideal mental health is mental illnesses cannot be defined in the same way as physical illnesses. A physical illness will have physical causes e.g. virus or bacterial infection which are easy to diagnose. However

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