Outline And Evaluate Cross-Cultural Studies Of Attachment Essay

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Outline and evaluate research findings into cross cultural studies of attachment If attachment is an innate behaviour we would expect attachment behaviours to be very similar across the world. Infant attachment styles in various cultures have been studied using the strange situation test. There are differences and similarities in attachment types between cultures. German infants showed a different pattern of attachment than the other groups. Only 40% of them were securely attached, 49% of them were anxious and avoidant, and the remaining 11% were anxious and resistant. Grossman et al said that in German infants, behaviours corresponding to ‘secure attachment’ appear to German parents to be the hallmarks of ‘spoiled babies’. This is a demonstration of cultural differences in child rearing practices resulting in different attachment type perceptions. Japanese infants showed a different pattern of attachment than the other groups. Takahashi…show more content…
Therefore the use of the strange situation developed in America and then used on other cultures with no understanding of that culture, i.e. its views on independence and importance/role given to other family members in childrearing is an example of an imposed ethic. This means that the strange situation technique has not has not been adapted for the culture in which is being used and so has limitations. Rothbaum argues that there is a problem with the sensitivity hypothesis. He argues that Bowlby and Ainsworth promote the view that secure attachment was related to caregiver responsiveness and sensitivity, however, this is a Western idea of autonomy, whereas in Japan, sensitivity is about promoting dependence rather than independence. Therefore, as Sensitivity has the opposite objective in the two cultures, comparisons become very
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