Outline

387 WordsDec 6, 20112 Pages
Sanitria Remus W Allen PHIL 1102 28 November 2011 Final Paper Outline Thesis Statement In this paper, I will argue that Epicurus’ concept of what “happiness” is, is more accurate than Aristotle and Aquinas because Epicurus’ account of what “happiness” entails that he believed in a simple life, where the true path to happiness was through “friends, freedom and thought”. Aristotle’s Argument: Happiness is the ultimate end in human life (living well) Good=End of human nature b. Self-interest=Mean→End a. Instrumental Value vs. Intrinsic Value c. Characteristics of Happiness a. Virtuous Activity b. Soul=Form Quotation: “Happiness in the highest sense is the contemplative life.” (Aristotle, 207) Thomas Aquinas’ Argument: Happiness is utilizing reason to know God and his will, and acting accordingly to natural law Ultimate happiness is being with God in Heaven Living a good life on earth Laws serve to endorse happiness Quotation: “Practical reason is the last end, and the last end of human life is bliss or happiness.” (Aquinas, 302) Epicurus’ Argument: Happiness is tranquility—peace and sovereignty of fear Happiness is obtained by cultivating pleasure Seeking pleasure and avoiding pain Fear of death must be overcome Quotation: “The sole standard one should use in living one’s life is the happiness of this life, and happiness consists entirely in pleasure.” (Epicurus, 264) My Argument: Epicurus’ views are simple, where when it comes to happiness, all one needs are friends, freedom and thoughts. Aristotle view has many questions… Happiness is not everyone’s ultimate end. Aquinas view is a skeptical as well, every human being ways of living does not revolve around religion

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