This forced Henry to take an aggressive stance against France, and led to the invasion of France in 1492, which he led an army of 26,000 men, into Calais, proceded to the Port of Boulogne and then land to siege to it . Consequently, due to Henry’s poor finances, the maintanace of this was brutal, therefore decreasing his
In 1448 Dracula managed to briefly seize the Wallachian throne with Turkish support. Within two months Hunyadi forced Dracula to surrender the throne and flee to his cousin, the Prince of Moldavia, while Hunyadi once again placed Vladislav II on the Wallachian
Gradually Ottoman Empire moved toward fiscal insolvency and financial dependency. Bureaucrats and officers were educated about European political, social, and cultural traditions. Soon many of them went against the ruler of the Ottoman empire. * 17th century Ottoman Empire had reached limits of expansion as a result of lagging behind European armies in strategy, tactics, weaponry, and training. * During 17th and 18th century Janissaries repeatedly masterminded palace corp and by 19th century had become a powerful political force with in the Ottoman Empire * Janissaries neglected their military training and turned a blind eye to advances in weapons technology.
For the next two centuries the Turkish military leaders ruled over the parts of the empire it conquered until it was eventually no longer the Abbasid Empire. Beginning its intrusions in the East, the Turkish invasions on the Byzantine Empire slowly gained them more Byzantine territory until finally in 1453, the Turks gained control of the capitol Constantinople and all the land that remained under Byzantine control. Similarly, the invasions began by capturing small portions of the Byzantine and Islamic worlds until eventually they created an immense impact and the Turks had conquered and gained control over the entire empire. Being firm believers of the Sunni religion, the Turks had a large religious influence that impacted the lands they conquered. As they gained control over the lands, they quickly ridded the Abbasid Empire of the Shi’a officials and advanced the protection of their lands from the Shi’a caliphs and their armies.
His son who succeeded him, Charles VI (also called Charles VI the mad), was mentally ill. Tensions within the country between different houses allowed England's King Henry V to begin regaining lost ground. The defeat of the French at Agincourt in 1415 solidified his position. The French loss at Agincourt was due to similar tactics that brought about their destruction by the English in the battles of Crecy and Poitiers. The improvements that the French army had made during the reign of Charles V and thus, the subsequent similarities that had arisen between the two countries' armies, disappeared.
SLIDE 1 Chapter 18 The Muslim World Expands, 1300–1700 Three great Muslim powers—the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires—emerge between 1300 and 1600. By 1700 all three were in decline. SLIDE 2 Section 1: The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire Section 2: Cultural Blending Case Study: The Safavid Empire Section 3: The Mughal Empire in India SLIDE 3 Section 1: The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire The Ottomans establish a Muslim empire that combine many cultures and lasted for more than 600 years. SLIDE 4 Section 1: The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire Turks Move into Byzantium Turkish Warriors • Many Turks live in Anatolia, on edge of Byzantine Empire • Many see themselves as ghazis—warriors who fight for Islam Osman Establishes a State • From 1300 to 1326, Osman, successful ghazi, builds state in Anatolia • Europeans
The transition in to the modern Middle East that we see today started with the European influence following World War I. Before the war, the majority of the Middle east was under the control of the Ottoman Empire. After the war, the Ottoman Empire was disbanded and the regions in the Middle East were left to the Allied powers to deal with. New boarders would be formed and many of the countries would be split up between the Allied powers as a result of the Mandate system but some countries, such as Turkey, would rally around their leaders and strive for their independence. Repercussions from the war would cause religious tensions to flair, old government to be overthrown and new ones to be established.
In the 1,300 years after the life of Muhammad, the relationships between Christianity and Islam have remained less than harmonious. As the Muslim Empire spread, much after the conquering of the Judeo-Christian Holy Land and the Christian Byzantine Empire. During the 11th and 13th centuries, the Christian Crusades waged mainly against Muslims, served only to separate the two faiths in a greater capacity. Constantinople, the "New Rome" and the center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, fell to the Turks in 1453, living under Islamic rule after this defeat (ReligionFacts,
Though both Christianity and Islam believe themselves to be the one true religion, Islam went about establishing itself as a dominant religion differently…by the way of the sword. The Islam religion was originated by the prophet Muhammad. He spread this faith first to his family and friends, and then went on teaching it to his clan. He formed a tight society that eventually “brought most of southern and western Arabia under its control.”(Bentley 90) After Muhammad’s death, his followers went on to expand the first Islamic Empire. Such areas included: Egypt, North Africa, Armenia, etc.
Politics Islam and Hinduism constantly clashed, causing wars. Delhi Sultanate- Between 13th and 16th centuries, 33 sultans ruled over divided territory in Delhi. Babur gained a small part of this empire, which was later taken away. With a forceful army he acquired the land he lost as well as more, establishing the Mughal Empire. Babur’s grandson, Akbar (Great) unified the land and people.