The progress of the empire was explosive. In 1453, the Sultan Mohamad II conquered Constantinople (renamed Istanbul) putting an end to the Eastern Roman Empire. The Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent conquered modern Yugoslavia in 1521, and conquered Hungary after his victory at the battle of Mohacs in 1526. However, he failed to take Vienna after winter forced an end to his siege in 1529. The Ottomans went on to take Transylvania and Wallachia as well.
Later in the year, Anatolian surrendered the city to the Byzantines, not the crusaders. They then met once again and together defeated the Turkish army, scoring a great victory and boosting their ego. Afterwards, the crusaders went and captured the city of Antioch, and then moved on to their goal, Jerusalem. For the next generation or so, the crusaders kept control over the Holy Land and invite their people to come inhabit the city. The crusaders used the strategy of isolating and cutting off supplies that could lead to strengthening to the Muslims and Egyptians.
This weakening began late in the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent. Although his reign marked the height of the Ottoman Empire’s Golden Age, in his later years Suleyman became less actively involved in the affairs of state. In addition, his two most qualified successors plotted against him late in his life, and he had them executed. As a result, Selim II (known by some as “Selim the Drunkard”) became the next Sultan. He was
The Turks laid siege to Vienna but he successfully repelled the Turks; which was the last attempt by the Ottoman Empire to take control of Eastern Europe. (Chapter Outlines ) The war ended with the Peace of Karlowitz, which ratified Habsburg conquered all of Hungary and Transylvania by 1699. (Chapter Outlines ) In the Austrian empire after the Thirty Years' War, the Austrian Habsburgs turned inward and eastward to unify their holdings. The Habsburgs replaced the Bohemian Czech nobility with their own warriors. (Chapter Outlines ) The Habsburg possessions consisted of Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary, which were joined in a fragile union.
The Latin cities wanted independence now, which Rome would not give; it took Rome two years to defeat the Latins and in 338 BC Rome took control of Latium. * The Conquering of all of Italy- In 295 BC, Rome went to war with the Samnites, the people of the remaining Etruscan cities, tribes of Gauls as well as a few rebellious Italian cities. In 280 BC, the war was over and Rome had sufficiently conquered all of Italy. * Considerations- Rome didn't easily conquer all of Italy, but the Romans did succeed in holding onto their conquered territories. The reasons for this perhaps is because Rome didn't destroy the cities it conquered, but rather, it offered them certain
For the next two centuries the Turkish military leaders ruled over the parts of the empire it conquered until it was eventually no longer the Abbasid Empire. Beginning its intrusions in the East, the Turkish invasions on the Byzantine Empire slowly gained them more Byzantine territory until finally in 1453, the Turks gained control of the capitol Constantinople and all the land that remained under Byzantine control. Similarly, the invasions began by capturing small portions of the Byzantine and Islamic worlds until eventually they created an immense impact and the Turks had conquered and gained control over the entire empire. Being firm believers of the Sunni religion, the Turks had a large religious influence that impacted the lands they conquered. As they gained control over the lands, they quickly ridded the Abbasid Empire of the Shi’a officials and advanced the protection of their lands from the Shi’a caliphs and their armies.
Both governments focused on expanding their empire. Cyrus, founder of the Persian Empire, took over the Babylonian civilization when the Babylonians welcomed Cyrus as their king, and his son, Cambyses II, captured Egypt. The Persians expanded even further during the rule of Darius I, who extended Persian control eastward as far as the Indus river valley, westward into Europe. As well as that, the empire erected forts in Thrace, promoted the development of maritime routs and completed a canal linking the Red Sea to the Nile. The massive expansions made it so that Darius I’s empire was the largest the world has ever seen.
Based on the following documents, discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Muslim empires. What types of additional documentation would help access the rise and fall of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals? Historical Background Beginning in 1280, the Ottoman Turks rose from a minor frontier state to control most of Southeastern Europe, Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa. For centuries, European Christians refused to ring church bells for fear that local inhabitants would think the Turks had invaded. Starting in the early 1500s CE, in Persia and India, the Safavids and Mughals created powerful states, whose institutions and policies shared many similarities to the Ottoman Empire.
Osman I extended the frontiers of Turkish settlement toward the edge of the Byzantine Empire. It is not well understood how the Osmanli came to dominate their neighbours, as the history of mediaeval Anatolia is still little known.  In the century after the death of Osman I, Ottoman rule began to extend over the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans. Osman's son, Orhan, captured
The Greek empire began with consolidation of Macedonia and the Greek city-states to fight the Persians in war by Phillip II. Alexander the great then took power and led the armies through Persia and assumed the throne. He then did not return to Greece he marched his armies east to the Indian Ocean and conquered most of the known world. Alexander did realize that he alone could not control all of his newly acquired territories alone. He received the alliance of the foreign countries by allowing them to continue their customs and traditions.