Ottawa Charter - Road Accidents

359 Words2 Pages
Explain how health promotion; based on the action areas of the Ottawa charter have contributed to positive health outcomes in the reduction of road injuries. The Ottawa charter was organised by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 1986 to promote good health. The five action areas of the Ottawa charter include building healthy public policy, creating a supportive environment, strengthening community action, developing personal skills and re-orientating health care towards prevention of illness and the promotion of health. These areas have contributed to positive health outcomes in the reduction of road injuries by advocating, enabling and mediating. Building healthy public policy combines a wide range of approaches including legislation, fiscal measures, taxation and organisational change. It requires recognising obstacles and adopting healthy policies. The Ottawa charter has contributed to this by introducing legislation such as having separate restraint laws for children up to seven years old. Children who are properly secured in an approved child restraint are less likely to be injured or killed in a car accident than one who is not. Examples of the different restraints for children include children younger than 6 months must be secured in a rearward facing restraint, children aged six months to four years must be secured in either a rear or forward facing restraint, children four years to seven years must be secured in a forward facing child restraint or booster seat, children younger than four years cannot travel in the front seat of a vehicle with two or more rows. These laws were introduced on the 1st of March 2010 by the New South Wales Government; Transport, Roads and Maritime Services. There are also many ways to have a seat properly fitted and at some maternity hospitals and local councils you are able to hire restraints and have them properly fitted
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