Otba-Econic Essay

684 WordsFeb 2, 20143 Pages
Prima facie it would seem to be a herculean task to match food grain requirements to the population needs of the country. This was particularly true in the 1960s when there were acute food shortages, especially when there was a long drought. This made India greatly dependent on wheat imported from the United States of America. The late G. Subramaniam, (who catapulted the Green Revolution from the political angle) and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, (the agricultural scientist who handled the technological aspect), described India’s mid 1960 crisis as: ‘During…. That critical period of drought [1966-67], President Johnson, because of certain policies he had adopted, was releasing wheat only in driblets. At one point, we reached a stage where there were stocks for only two weeks and nothing else in the pipeline.’ The 1960s crisis made India’s leaders determined to take her out of this situation. They used India’s strengths to remove its dependence on international supplies and become self-sufficient in food grains. It was felt that by adopting modern methods of production and bringing India’s enterprising farmers together, there could be solutions to this problem. This effort became popularly known as the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution was launched to liberate India from what was called ‘ship to mouth existence’. During the period 1967 to 1978, there were three major changes made to the traditional agriculture practiced in India. More land was brought under irrigation through the use of diesel and electric pumps, double-cropping was introduced on existing farming land, and most importantly, new, high yielding varieties of seeds were used along with fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides. These changes were supplemented by institutional support to the farmers in terms of better transportation facilities and marketing of their produce. Certain social

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