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Otba-Econic Essay

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Below is an essay on "Otba-Econic" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Prima facie it would seem to be a herculean task to match food grain requirements to the
population needs of the country. This was particularly true in the 1960s when there were acute
food shortages, especially when there was a long drought. This made India greatly dependent on
wheat imported from the United States of America. The late G. Subramaniam, (who catapulted the
Green Revolution from the political angle) and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, (the agricultural scientist
who handled the technological aspect), described India’s mid 1960 crisis as: ‘During…. That critical
period of drought [1966-67], President Johnson, because of certain policies he had adopted, was
releasing wheat only in driblets. At one point, we reached a stage where there were stocks for only two
weeks and nothing else in the pipeline.’ The 1960s crisis made India’s leaders determined to take her
out of this situation. They used India’s strengths to remove its dependence on international
supplies and become self-sufficient in food grains. It was felt that by adopting modern methods of
production and bringing India’s enterprising farmers together, there could be solutions to this
problem. This effort became popularly known as the Green Revolution.
The Green Revolution was launched to liberate India from what was called ‘ship to mouth
existence’. During the period 1967 to 1978, there were three major changes made to the traditional
agriculture practiced in India. More land was brought under irrigation through the use of diesel and
electric pumps, double-cropping was introduced on existing farming land, and most importantly,
new, high yielding varieties of seeds were used along with fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides. These
changes were supplemented by institutional support to the farmers in terms of better
transportation facilities and marketing of their produce. Certain social innovations were also
initiated through land reforms, easier credit facilities and changes in the...

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