Sprains Sprains can be a painful injury that can affect the ligament by being over stretched or torn. Ligaments connect your bones together. The ankle, knee, and wrist are the most common injury. The way a person gets a sprain is by the ligament getting stretched too far from their normal position. The purpose of having them is to keep your skeleton in its normal alignment.
The muscles around the joint become weaker and so do the ligaments. “Osteoarthritis gradually worsens with time, and no cure exists. But osteoarthritis treatments can slow the progression of the disease, relieve pain and improve joint function”,(Staff, 1998-2012). The disease can affect any joint in the body. The most common areas the disease affects are the neck, lower back, knees and hips.
Serious complications, such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) or sepsis (infection carried through the blood) can occur. Identify pressure sites of the body Lower back, buttocks, shoulders and hips, knees, heels and ankles and on any bony protruding areas Identify factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores |Mobility problems, poor nutrition, age incontinence, mental health issues, medications, shearing, poor handling, poor hygiene,| |circulation, swelling physical health can all be factors. | Describe the how incorrect handling and moving techniques can damage the
Due to the biological causes that result in decreased muscle mass and diminished strength, the older population is less prone to participate in daily activities. This creates a vicious cycle, because further muscular inactivity is responsible for muscle weakness causing more inactivity. The functional and metabolic consequences of Sarcopenia affect the elderly population by predisposing them “to falls, decreased bone density, diabetes, and decreased tolerance to heat and cold” (Ferrini, 2008). It also affects their
In the case of osteoarthritis within the patients knee the cartilage that acts as padding between the bones wares away over time causing the bones to rub together this can be very painful. In the worse case causing the knee to lock or even give way leading to a fall. Unlike osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by an autoimmune inflammatory disease, which causes swelling in multiple joints. While surgery is always an option to relive the pain involved in knee issues there are a few less invasive things the patient can do to relieve their pain. These treatments include maintaining a healthy diet and maintain the proper weight for your height.
Injuries to the growth plate are called fractures. During fracture healing, cartilage is often formed called callus. This cartilage ultimately develops into new bone tissue through the process of endochondral ossification. Ossification process can be studied in the long bones, such as the bones of the limbs. In an adult long bone can be distinguish grossly by a cylindrical shaft or diaphysis of compact bone.
Causes of Falls in People with Dementia People with Alzheimer’s and other types of dementia tend to be at high risk of falling. They are more than three times likely to fracture their hip when they fall, which leads to surgery and immobility. The death rate for those with Alzheimers is also increased. Therefore, fall prevention for people with dementia is critical. One of the ways to reduce the amount of falls for those with Alzheimers is to find out why they fall.
1 | 1.1 | Mobility is defined as, 1 being able to move or be moved freely and easily 2 the ability to move physically 3 The ability to move a part of the body | | 1.2 Explain how different health conditions mayaffect and be affected by mobility. | If a person had a fracture of a bone and does not heal quickly ormay become infected which can restrict movement of a persons hand or leg, which makes it difficult for moving around. Stiff, painful, swollen and inflamed joints are the result of arthritis and can restrictmovement. | | 1.3 Outline the effects that reduced mobility may have on an individuals wellbeing. | Physically, reduced mobility can result in blood clots, stiffness of joints, swelling of feet and ankles,pressure sores these can be very painful for the individual.
Lack of exposure to sunlight and insufficient kidney function might decrease the concentration. Conclusion: Porous bones or in other words osteoporosis is a common disease and has become a big public problem as the numbers of elderly people in population are growing. It not only disrupts the microarchitecture of the bone but it also reduces the bone tissue as well. At specific sites like hip or spines or even wrist it performs its action by increasing the fracture risk. It happens not only among women but it also affects men and young people as well.
If the pressure continues, the skin will continue to be damaged and will die, causing an ulcer or sore to develop. The resulting damage first appears on the skin surface as a red or dark patch. As the pressure sore progresses, the skin will break down to form an open sore or blisters, dead skin and ultimately infect underlying tissues, bones and joints. This type of skin damage can develop quickly in anyone with reduced mobility, such as an older people or someone confined to a bed or chair due to illness or injury, can get pressure ulcers. For those with impaired mobility or sensation, pressure sores are a major cause of hosiptalization.