Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet

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University of Phoenix Material Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet Part I: Origins of Psychology Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the seven major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the seven major perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian physician who pioneered the study of the unconscious mind. Freud developed the methods of the free association and interpretation of dreams that are the basic techniques of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic Perspective suggests that there is a part of the mind that includes the id, superego, and the ego. To which the id demands pleasure and satisfaction, the ego deals with the demands from the id and superego, and the superego is the ethical element which is the conscience and may produce feelings of guilt. The Behaviorism perspective is where any physical action is a behavior which everything that is living does such as acting, thinking, and feeling. Arthur W. Staats’ merges psychological concepts like personality within a behavioral model like Basic Behavioral Repertoires. Humanistic Perspective is the positive image of what it means to be a human being. The ones who theorize the humanistic perspective focus mostly on methods that allow fulfillment of potential. Cognitive behavior is an extra method when comprehending the effects of learning on the initiation of behavior. A cognitive tactic to motivation stresses that the likelihood of an
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