Orientalism in Greene's The Quiet American

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ORIENTALISM IN GREENE’S THE QUIET AMERICAN Introduction The world is composed of two different sides according to the modern, Western approach. It is divided into two not only geographically but also culturally, politically, economically, and even linguistically. These are differentiated as East and West. Edward Said has put forward the notion of Orientalism. He conceptualized that the Orient and Occident differ from each other substantially, first of all, because the people in the West and East have strikingly different worldviews in ontological and epistemological aspects. Secondly, it refers to a way of powerful West establishing dominance over the weak East and Western oppression of Eastern. This understanding results in an unequal relationship between East and West. Westerners, who have little actual knowledge of the East, appreciate the view of Orientalism and they also cherish some prejudice against and curiosity on the Orient. (Said, 12) Orientalism is founded upon the historical relationship between Eastern and Western cultures throughout the history, which is full of power struggle. The West, which has been the powerful side for the last centuries, has constructed a certain image of East mentally. For a long period of time, the Oriental in the eyes of Westerners has been both "stupid" and "lazy" on the one hand, but on the other hand, the Orient itself is certainly somewhat "mysterious" and attractive for its being far from the imperial center and the metropolitan countries. (Said, 28) The East is usually connoted to being weak, dependent, ignorant, traditional, conservative, religious, oppressed. Such approach of labeling the Eastern mentally, the West created a world of Others, to be controlled, guided, protected, educated, democratized, suppressed, and colonized. The imperialism of the Third World, underdeveloped countries in the East by the Western
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