Organs Of Government Essay

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ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT 1) LEGISLATURE ( PARLIAMENT) 2) EXECUTIVE ( THE GOVERNMENT) 3) JUDICIARY (JUDGES) WHAT IS PARLIAMENT • Principal legislature in the UK • The only body that has the power to pass laws that apply in all four countries of UK@ England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. • The doctrine of the SOVEREIGNTY OF PARLIAMENT provides that parliament has absolute power, and no Parliament may make a law that limits the law-making power of any future Parliament. • Consists of a) The monarch – The monarchy in GB is hereditary. The monarch is the nominal head of state but, in reality, the position now has little real political power. Everything is done by the Government Ministers or on their advice. The role of monarchs is now largely ceremonial and symbolic. b) Two chambers - The House of Lords – consist of around 740 peers, of who most are for life, known as “life peers”. They are normally formally appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, and include individuals who have been nominated by political parties or the independent House of Lords Appointments Commission. The remainder are hereditary peers, who have aristocratic titles such as “Earl” or “Lady”, or senior bishops of the Church of England. - The House of Commons – in March 2011 consists of 646 elected Members of Parliament (MPs). Nearly all MPs stand as candidates for an established political party, but there are currently eight independent MPs. The membership of both Houses of Parliament is a topic of political debate. THE PARLIAMENTARY VOTING SYSTEM AND CONSTITUENCIES ACT 2011 (PVSCA 2011) provides that the numbers of MPs in the House of Commons will be reduced to 600, each representing around 76000 voters. THE

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