Organizational Behaviour Essay

2009 Words9 Pages
According to Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn (2005, p. 3) Organizational behaviour "is the study of individuals and groups in organizations.", Organizational behaviour studies are becoming more significant today than in the past because businesses are required to learn how to adapt to the rapidly changing business cultures that have originated from a competitive market. Constant adaptation to changes is required for an organization to prosper or even just to survive. Organizational behaviour, also known as OB, was a subject that had not been discussed until there was a change in how employees behaved, if there was an alteration in productivity or if profits and sales decreased. Today, managers are paying more attention to employee’s reactions to situations instead of how they respond to them. Behaviour is assessed and measures are taken in order to improve an organization's effectiveness and to control behaviour that does not benefit the organization's aims and objectives. (Robbins et al, 2010) OB involves four different types of approaches. The human resources approach is concerned with the rising of people up the ladder towards higher levels of management. This approach is also known as 'supportive approach' because the manager's role changes from control over workers to showing an interest and providing support with their growth. The contingency approach suggests that different situations require different types of behaviour. The advantage of this approach is that it encourages the analysis of each situation before actions are taken (Allyn & Bacon, 1993). There are also elements that make up OB. The key elements are people, structure, technology and the environment in which the organization operates. People make up the main part of organizations; they can be individuals or groups. Groups are usually more dynamic and help achieve the organization’s objectives.

More about Organizational Behaviour Essay

Open Document