Organisational Culture Essay

3954 Words16 Pages
Organizational Culture & Leadership by Edgar H Schein "Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon 'em" Shakespeare, Twelfth Night notes compiled by Ted Nellen [pic] • Culture a phenomenon that surrounds us all. • Culture helps us understand how it is created, embedded, developed, manipulated, managed, and changed. • Culture defines leadership. • Understand the culture to understand the organization. Defining Organizational Culture • Culture is customs and rights. • Good managers must work from a more anthropological model. • Each org has its own way and an outsider brings his/her baggage as observer. • Understand new environment and culture before change or observation can be made. 1. Observe behavior: language, customs, traditions 2. Groups norms: standards and values 3. Espoused values: published, publicly announced values. 4. Formal Philosophy: mission 5. Rules of the Game: rules to all in org 6. Climate: climate of group in interaction 7. Embedded skills: 8. Habits of thinking, acting, paradigms: Shared knowledge for socialization. 9. Shared meanings of the group 10. Metaphors or symbols: • Culture: norms, values, behavior patterns, rituals, traditions. • Culture implies structural stability and Patterning and integration. • Culture is the accumulated shared learning from shared history. • 2 problems all groups must deal with: 1. survival, growth, and adaptation in environment 2. internal integration that permits functioning and adapting. Culture Formally Defined A pattern of shared basic assumptions that the group learned as it solved its problems of external adaptation and internal integration, that has worked well enough to be considered valid and,

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