Oral and Evidence Based Confessions

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paper. Oral and Physical Evidence Alana Campbell Saint Leo University Abstract Jurisprudence defines evidence as any written or oral testimony given under-oath which includes documents, records, or other physical evidence that may be admissible in a court of law. According to established rules of evidence, these types of evidence are used either to prove or disprove the authenticity of the alleged facts, claims, and accusations. This paper will discuss the similarities and differences between oral and physical evidence. The purpose of evidence in courts is to prove or disprove the evidence presented and should be solid enough to convince the jury of reasonable doubt, especially in a criminal trial. In civil cases, the fact is that the evidence is more factual than not and that circumstantial evidence varies upon the type of case that is being tried. Oral and Physical Evidence Physical evidence is one of the most common types of evidence found at a crime scene. Physical evidence consists of the actual physical objects found at the scene. This can range from large items such as damaged cars, broken glass, and smashed doors. It can also include small items that may not be visible to the naked eye. Such items may include hair or clothing fibers and a person’s DNA that was left at the scene. Physical evidence found at the crime scene is the preferred method for obtaining evidence. Oral information that is obtained during an investigation is often misleading and the courts can render this information as false or hear say and can throw the given testimony out on these grounds. When gathering information from a suspect it is very important to get the information in writing as quickly as possible while the investigator stays in the room. (Inabu, Reid, Buckley, &
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