Malouf uses simple stories of Somax to show the harsh and yet enjoyable realities of life to Priam but it also gives them a sense of their own humanity to which has been hidden until now. One story of Somax’s that Malouf entails is the death of Somax’s sons, it allows Somax to show Priam that not all is peachy outside of the kingdom and that war doesn’t only happen from kingdom to kingdom. Malouf does this to show that Somax is his own person that he to suffers from grief and loss. Somax shows Priam what he’s missed out on while he’s been living up to everyone else’s expectations, one thing he teaches him is how food is made up of ingredients and made by humans and is not just brought to you. Malouf shows Somax as the true hero because without him, Priam would have never have faced Achilles in the manner he did, “man to man”, “father to father”, Somax showed Priam how he could appeal to Achilles by sharing his stories or his losses and showing him of the real world.
Epicurus was a rational egoistic hedonist. Although egoistic hedonists think that one’s own pleasure is the ultimate good, Epicurus concluded that Ataraxia, or peace of mind, is as well. He believed more in the avoidance of pain rather than the pursuit of pleasure, and the only way one can attain an absence of pain is if one rationally pursues long-term, less intense, intellectual pleasures. All hedonists are consequentialists, and therefore base their decisions on possible outcomes. The difference between an uncritical egoistic hedonist and Epicurus is what outcome is being sought after.
In his essay, “Where I lived, and What I lived For”, Henry David Thoreau says, “Shams and delusions are esteemed for soundless truths, while reality is fabulous.” He talks about how much better life would be if people focused on reality rather than their dreams. In doing so, Thoreau appears to his audience using logic. He establishes himself as someone who has faced this type of situation before. People are caught up in ‘soundless truths’ which means that they are fooling themselves of the real truth. He says that people should not allow themselves to get their hopes up that something good is going to happen to them.
It is based on different virtues that a person should have, so that they can then reach Euadamonia. Euadamonia should be the end goal to everyone's life and it is the ultimate happiness. Virtue Ethics is ‘agent centred’ and it focuses on the qualities of the person making the moral choices rather than the actual moral choice that they are making, which can bring weaknesses to the theory as one can justify mostly anything by using virtue ethics. According to the theory, morality is about becoming the right sort of person, it is not asking “what should I do?”, but it is asking “what sort of person should I be?”, and is not trying to find rights and wrongs, just allow you to become a good person. Virtue ethics is agent-centred ethics rather than act-centred.
Proactive people always find an optimistic alternative when things go wrong. Covey states you can choose to not be miserable. You do not have to empower the weakness of others who are trying to control you, take control of your own life and do what you feel is best. When you are proactive, you want to act and not be acted upon and stay true to your human nature. Reactive people however always blame everything surrounding them for excuses of why they are not responsible or cannot do something.
The list of possibilities is endless, yet with this specific extract, and the emphasised theme or madness, it leave one to think that this “friend” may in fact not be a friend. In continuation to the analysis of the extract, Lewis ends his second line with a directed question to what appears to be us readers“-or was it past blackout time”, this is a technique Lewis uses throughout the extract to allow
In simpler language, it means to aim for perfection. On the surface, it sounds nice, but all this ignores the basic human trait, the one shared across cultures, languages, and races: imperfection. To be human is to be errant. Thus, the dreams of idealists often get dashed and projects they attempt often end either in failure or at least "less than they could have been." On the other hand, realism means "the inclination towards literal truth and pragmatism" (ibid).
Success has more equal vision and less prejudice than the positive thinking theory promoted by some people. I don’t have to try to change my thinking about myself. “The important thing is to love your negativities, not to judge them, and to learn to use them to raise you up” (C.-N. Chu, Thick Face-Black Heart). The only thing I should do is free myself from the trap that says, “Change comes before success.” If I think I will win, there are chances I can. If I think I will lose, I positively will.
But you, you know how to make the uneven even, and to order the disordered, and the unloved is loved by you. For you have thus united all things into one, the good with the bad, in order that reason, which is always, becomes one for everything, the ones of the mortals that are evil avoid this, fleeing it, the unfortunate, who, although always longing after the assets of the good, neither see nor hear the universal law of god, they could have a good life with understanding when obeying it; but on the contrary, they crash(rush?) without understanding, each because of something else, some while having an evil competition with one another for glory, others while aiming at profits without any order, others yet at amusement and the pleasant deeds of the body; <but they have participated in evil business> and are being carried now to this, then to that [evil],:
Peter shows how he hates work, so the key to his happiness is just not going. Although he Peter was all for his own happiness, Milton began to think in a similar further into the film. This caused the two characters to butt heads. Milton told Peter he would not turn down his radio volume, basically just because it made him happy. A line from Self Reliance by Emerson tells that “their rage is decorous and prudent, for they are timid, as being vulnerable themselves.” Milton’s lack of timidity helped him gain his personal happiness therefore exemplifying transcendentalism.