Each groups strategy was very different, the liberals went on strike, while the SR's took a more violent approach. The power each group had individually was not enough to threaten the Tsar, however these differences in aims and beliefs within the 3 main groups meant that they could not combine the groups and work together to bring down the tsar. They were unable to unite their cause and were weaker because of it. Furthermore, there was discontent within the political groups. In 1903 the SD's could no longer function as a single group and split into the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.
Following the February Revolution of 1917, Tsarist Russia disintegrated into political chaos. As agreed by the Provisional Committee and the Petrograd Soviet, a Provisional Government was elected under the leadership of Lvov; however this government was ill equipped to deal with the problems of a post-revolutionary Russia and was unable to provide a viable form of government for its duration, leading to its ultimate downfall in October the same year. The Provisional Government was plagued with issues throughout its rule; not only was it weak in its constitution being limited by the Soviet but it was subject to a further multitude of unfortunate circumstances; it was unable to address the issues it faced – those of the Land Question, the War and the Constituent Assembly which added to its unpopularity amongst the peasantry and was threatened by crises such as the July Days and the Kornilov Affair which discredited the already unpopular Government further. This, compounded by poor handling by Kerensky caused deterioration to such an extent that when Lenin took the shrewd decision to move against the government in October, it was unable to survive and power fell into the hands of the Bolsheviks. Whilst Lenin was perhaps the key reason for the fall of the Provisional Government in October 1917, it was already in a major state of weakness.
Why did Nicholas II loose power in 1917 but not 1905 Nicholas II lost power in 1917 because of many reasons. The main reason was the army which was under complete control of the tsar started to rebel against the Tsar by not carrying out his orders. On the 25th of February Cossack troops refused to fire on demonstrators. Also the elite Pavlosky life guards also refused to carry out their orders. This was the first sing to the Tsar to show that he has lost his authority and that the government authority had begun to break down.
Unfortunately, Sun lacked the necessary military support and authority to secure national unity. Thus, he handed the presidency to Yuan Shikai, a powerful general. Sun Yixian was only an authority figure for 6 weeks. Yuan Shikai quickly betrayed the original ideals of the KMT, and was ruling as a military dictator by 1913. His unfavorable actions sparked local revolts; even his own generals refused to fight in his stead.
Alexander was hopelessly out of touch with the emerging realities of a modern Russia. For example, agriculture was exploited as a source of export earnings; this helped cause a series of famines, especially in 1891. This made him hugely unpopular as he took grain from the people in an attempt to make money and improve the economy. Due to his slow intelligence and lack of experience, Alexander forgot the fundamental rule of keeping his people happy and instead chose to supress them. He did not realise that, following Alexander II’s emancipation of the serfs in 1861, he could not return to a state of rigid autocracy when the serfs had already had some freedom.
The mainland leaders had no intention of including the lower classes (such as the peasants) in their new system of government. Although the revolt had scared Ferdinand I, the division of the people in the revolt, the lack of popular support, and the limited experience of its leaders meant that the revolution was doomed to failure. In 1871, there was another revolution on Piedmont- Sardinia, after hearing news of a revolution in Naples. Once again, the revolutionaries managed to frighten their ruler (Victor Emmanuel), and they were joined my middle class liberal revolutionaries and nobles.
At no point in 1905 was the government threatened by wholesale, coordinated revolutionary activity. All of the events that made up the failed revolution were easily suppressed due to their lack of planning and spontaneity. This was a result of the revolutionaries having quite different aims. The liberals wanted the Tsar to share power with the aristocracy while more extreme groups such as the Social Revolutionaries wanted peasant ownership of the land, and the Social Democrats (divided into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks) wanting a complete change of government and no autocracy. This all meant that the majority of time spent by the opposing groups was spent fighting each other and not the Tsar and government.
The crushing of Russian’s military added movement to the 1905 Revolution, as it made the people of Russia aware of the weakness of their military, making many people become un-patriotic. They were losing to a nation very few had heard of and it was humiliating. However, many of the defeats to the Russian military occurred after the Revolution had started, not causing its outbreak, but merely adding to the opposition to autocratic rule by the Tsar and prolonging the Revolution. The Russo-Japanese War also brought about economic problems for Russia, and this therefore meant there was a significant lack of money to solve any other problems present Russia, hence partly being responsible for
Why did the 1905 revolution fail? Revolution: A fundamental change in power or organisational structure which takes place over a short period of time. The 1905 revolution is Russia, was not largely successful. Historians attribute this to four main factors; Concessions, repressions, the weakness of those who were trying to rebel, and the skepticism and debate over whether there truly was a revolution in 1905. The absence of a real leader, any political overthrow and a change from autocracy to democracy is the key reasons i believe that there was not in fact a revolution, however a cluster of spontaneous uprisings, at unplanned instances for the most part.
Although many people in the country were dissatisfied with the provisional government, there was a great lack of ideas and willingness to take responsibility to rule properly. In many ways, Lenin was the only Russian politician at the time who was seen as a confident person aware of his actions. Nevertheless, only a few members of the provisional government, including Kerensky, recognized the threat of the Bolshevik's party. As a result, despite Kerensky’s efforts to take up actions against the Bolsheviks, other ministers in his party refused to support him and instead were likely to take up negotiations with the Bolsheviks. In April Lenin returned from exile in Switzerland to Petrograd in order to inspire the russian people and to make them realize the great importance of a communist revolution.