Opposing Ideologies: Anthropocentrism and Biocentrism

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Opposing Ideologies: Anthropocentrism and Biocentrism Anthropocentrism and biocentrism are two little known ideologies that are very important to modern society. Having to do with the earth and how we manage it, these opposing views can have very real consequences for our planet. Depending on where a person or society's values lie will allow them to be classified into one of these philosophies. United by their relevance to today's deteriorating earth, it is useful to know the origins, ideas, and importance of these two opposing ideologies so that it is possible to evaluate their similarities and differences in a fair manner. Anthropocentrism finds its roots in religion, beginning thousands of years ago. Based on the idea that man should be advanced by any means possible, it fits into several classic religions, none more so than Christianity. The basis of Christianity is the fact that God has given the earth to man so that he may provide for himself and society, among other things. This idea has carried over to anthropocentrism in a more literal manner. A main view of anthropocentrism is that nature serves only to serve mankind in any way possible. This idea has led modern society to exploit and plunder natural resources for the “betterment” of mankind. Because it values humanity with such high regard, anthropocentrism seeks to protect only the things that can directly benefit mankind, without leaving room for the things that can indirectly benefit man too. Anthropocentrism has extrinsic value for the world, meaning it sees the organisms and systems on earth as existing for the sole purpose of benefiting mankind. As human technology progresses on so does the damage this type of thinking can inflict upon the planet. Biocentrism is based on the ideas of philosophers and intellectuals of post-Enlightenment era Europe. In a period where industry was taking hold
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