The strands are: • To learn about themselves - Self Concept Development • To learn about their feelings - Emotional Development • To learn about other people - Social Development • To learn to communicate - Language Development • To learn to move and do - Physical Development • To learn to think - Cognitive Development The quality of early experiences is shaped by the individuals with whom infants and toddlers spend their time and by the environments where they spend their time. As early childhood professionals, we know what children need in order to be successful in both school and in life. This document designed for program trainers, directors and parent educators to use as they work with caregivers and parents to insure quality care for infants and toddlers. Infants and toddlers are cared for in a variety of settings. These settings include the child’s own home, child care centers and family child care.
This assists and is used as a guideline for teachers to help your child in their development areas. It informs us about the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes the learner has obtained (Davin, R.2013:32). By assessing the learner we are able to identify their learning style and allow us to prepare lessons in such a way that is best suitable to your child’s needs. Frequent assessments made by our teachers also assist parents to develop their children at home. Our teachers are able to provide exercises or activities to parents to practice at home with the learner thus reiterating what is being taught in the classroom.
Observation, assessment and planning all support children’s development and learning. Planning starts with observing children in order to understand and note their current interests, development and learning. Observation: This describes the process of watching the children in our care, listening to them and taking note of what we see and hear. Assessment: We assess children’s progress by analysing our observations and deciding what they tell us. We can identify the children’s requirements, interests, current development and learning.
Effective practice: Observation, Assessment and Planning Key messages Observation,assessmentandplanningallsupportchildren’sdevelopmentandlearning.Planning startswithobservingchildreninordertounderstandandconsidertheircurrentinterests,development andlearning. Observation Observationdescribestheprocessofwatchingthechildreninourcare,listeningtothemandtaking noteofwhatweseeandhear. Assessment Weassesschildren’sprogressbyanalysingourobservationsanddecidingwhattheytellus.Wealso needtofindoutaboutchildren’scareandlearningneedsfromtheirparentsandfromthesewecan identifythechildren’srequirements,interests,currentdevelopmentandlearning. Planning Weplanforthenextstepsinchildren’sdevelopmentandlearning.Muchofthisneedstobedone
It looks at the factors which end in us behaving in a given way and look at the conditions in which cause us to behave in that way. Social psychology looks at a wide range of social topics which include group behaviour, social perceptions, conformity, aggression and prejudice. When children learn they acquire their behaviour from their parents and other children, from a young age they learn from their parents how to behave in public, the correct use of manors and social norms. But on interaction with other children they learn how to share, society’s values which other children have picked up and how to behave in social situations. Also evolutional (inherited from parents) could have an effect on how a child behaves as in the child’s genetics it might be that they are susceptible to violence this means that the child may have more violent tendencies.
This allows the researcher of gain detailed information about the subject they are studying. In childcare a longitudinal study could be very helpful for the parents as it would allow them to identify important milestones and achievements. A snapshot observation involves trying to get a ‘snapshot’ of how a child is behaving at any time period. For example, a snapshot observation of how a child reacts whilst being potty trained off may be helpful in trying to deal with a child who is having trouble and finding it difficult to master. A Structured observation is when the observer has set goals on what they are observing in order to observe how a child carries out a specific task.
If the child is being mistreated then it could cause them to act out when around and out among society. Love and learning starts in the home; it is a known fact that children learn from their environment and what goes on around them. It would be safe to say that a child can pick up on whatever behaviors they see or are being taught involuntarily. School and culture are other factors that impact the lives of children with EBD. Younger children can also catch on to whatever is being presented by other children when they come in contact with them and that is another way of observing and assessing a child with behavioral issues.
The teacher’s role is to promote learning using the children’s interests to develop the curriculum. This means the teacher is not actually teaching the class or leading the class like most teachers. The teacher is promoting the specific learning skills that they want the children to learn but allowing them to run the classroom while giving them guidance. Every child has different ways of learning and a style in which they like to learn. The teacher must ensure they are reaching all of these different types of learning styles.
Children will learn how to calm themselves, managing anger and aggressive feelings. Motivation – Pupils are able to become active and enthusiastic in their learning, perhaps taking small steps to achieve a set goal. Helping children to concentrate on positive learning skills and to overcome distractions or behaviour issues, children can also learn how to evaluate their learning for the future. Pupils can also learn how to have a positive approach to overcoming mistakes of disappointments. Empathy – Children learn how to recognise others feelings, knowing how their own views/opinions could affect others.
Parents influence their children from childhood towards adulthood. ; genetic influences are maximized at that level to. Eventually children compare their cognitive and behavior effectively. CHildren often enter school with a prejudice views, hover children mimic the learning behavior of others. THEre always of lack social maturity and in their attitude and behavior which reflect their produced there is abnormal development from this experience.