The art form known as Opera had originated in Italy in the early sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, even though it put the squeeze on older traditions of medieval and Renaissance courtly entertainment. The word opera, meaning "work" in Italian, was first used in the modern musical and theatrical sense in 1639 and soon spread to the other European languages. The earliest operas were unassertive productions compared to other Renaissance forms of sung drama, but they soon became more extravagant and took on the remarkable staging of the earlier genre known as intermedio. The earliest operas, including Claudio Monteveredi’s Orpheus were performed in private theatres at the courts of nobility and royals. The first public opera house opened in Venice, Italy in 1637, and by the eighteenth century public doors began charging the public for admission into these opera houses.
Comparison between verdi and wagner Verdi and Wagner are both famous composers in romantic era. They had made huge contribution to development of music drama and opera. Their diversities in terms of their cultural background and life have resulted significant difference in terms of their works, styles, and harmonic language etc. However, they still have certain styles and ideas in common. Giuseppe verdi (1813-1901) is an italian composer.
The early fifteenth century was dominated initially by English and then Northern European composers. The Burgundian court was especially influential, and it attracted composers and musicians from all over Europe. The most important of these was Guillaume Du Fay (1397–1474), whose varied musical offerings included motets and masses for church and chapel services, many of whose large musical structures were based on existing Gregorian chant. His many small settings of French poetry display a sweet melodic lyricism unknown until his era. With his command of large-scale musical form, as well as his attention to secular text-setting, Du Fay set the stage for the next generations of Renaissance composers.
- Baroque had a negative connotation: It signified distortion, excess, and extravagance... except when we get to Vivaldi and Bach. -The Doctrine of Affections held that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions, or affections of the listener. -Musicians spoke of the need to dramatize the text yet maintain a single effection--be it rage, revenge, sorrow, joy, or love--from beginning to end of a piace. - The single most important new genre to emerge in the Baroque period was opera. - The Baroque gave rise to a remarkable variety of musical style, ranging from the expressive monody of Claudio monteverdi (1567-1643) to the complex polyphony of J.S.
Music SA #3 The Baroque period saw many changes in music elements, styles, instrument craftsmanship, composer’s roles in societies and it saw the rise in opera. Opera is a dramatic production sung throughout. Opera changed the musical scene, as people knew it. Before this period performance music was mostly used in religious settings or for the very rich or noble classes. The composers of opera were trying to reproduce what they thought was classical Greek theater.
This movement shows itself in the painting and sculpture of Michelangelo, the plays of Shakespeare, and in both the sacred and secular dance and vocal music of the greatest composers of the era. During this period, people in the world when their own lives and their music reflected the exciting discoveries. Beginning of this period;the renessiance mostly used for religious purposes but at the end of this period,the renessiance was more mundane purposes,has become an entertainment tool. I think that The Renaissance,is the most lyrics periods in the history of western and artists of all kinds in Western Europe became more aware of the classical past and the world beyond the narrow confines of medieval theology.In this
Vivaldi was a master of the violin and is widely known as the composer of concertos which is a form of music with a small orchestra and solo lead instrument. He was a prolific composer and is well known for composing over 500 concertos, 46 Operas, 73 sonatas, chamber music, and sacred music. Vivaldi was the first composer to use ritornello form regularly in fast movements, and his use of it became a model for later composers. Vivaldi repeatedly looked for contrasting harmonies, creating new melodies and themes. His main goal was to create a musical piece that was meant to be appreciated by a large population opposed to only a certain group of people.
Giordani scored a vast victory with his opera La disfatta di Dario at La Scala in 1789. That same year he accepted the popular and desirable post of maestro di cappella at the Fermo Cathedral. He took on a second and a somewhat similar post just two years later. Only this time it was located at the Holy Spirit Church. Regardless, of these challenging obstacles every composer comes across in their musical career, Giordani continued composing music and was extremely successful doing it.
On the repeat, the soloist joins the orchestra.) VOCAL MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD OPERA 1) 2) 3) 4) DRAMA THAT IS SUNG IT COMBINES VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC WITH PEOTRY AND DRAMA, ACTING AND PANTOMIME, SCENERY AND COSTUMES IT USES A) SOLOISTS B) ENSEMBLES C) CHORUS D) ORCHESTRA E) SOMETIMES DANCING ELEMENTS OF OPERA A) RECITATIVE (EXPLANATIONS NECESSARY TO THE PLOT) B) ARIA (RELEASES THE EMOTIONAL TENSION. THIS IS WHERE THE SINGER SHOWS OFF THEIR VIRTUOSITY C) OVERTURE (USUALLY BEGINS OPERA AND NEW ACTS D) INTERLUDES (KNOWN AS SINFONIAS DURING PERIODBOCCUR BETWEEN SCENES) E) LIBRETTOBTHE WORDS SUNG DURING THE OPERA WERE WRITTEN BY ANOTHER PERSON CALLED A LIBRETTIST) ORATORIO 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) DESCENDED FROM THE RELIGIOUS PLAY-WITH-MUSIC FIRST ONES WERE SACRED OPERAS LATER ONES LEFT THE STAGE LARGE SCALE MUSICAL WORKS (GENERALLY BASED ON A BIBLICAL STORY) PERFORMED IN A CHURCH OR HALL WITHOUT SCENERY, ACTING, OR COSTUMES
Haydn was able to begin immediately his pursuit of a career as a freelance musician. During this arduous time, Haydn worked at many different jobs: as a music teacher, as a street serenader, and eventually, in 1752, as valet–accompanist for the Italian composer Nicola Propora, from whom he later said he learned "the true fundamentals of composition" Franz Joseph Haydn is the composer who, more than any other, epitomizes the aims and achievements of the Classical era. Perhaps his most important achievement was that he developed and evolved in countless subtle ways the most influential structural principle in the history of music: his perfection of the set of expectations known as sonata form made an epochal impact. In hundreds of instrumental sonatas, string quartets, and symphonies, Haydn both broke new ground and provided durable models; indeed, he was among the creators of these fundamental genres of classical music. His influence upon later composers is immeasurable; Haydn's most illustrious pupil, Beethoven, was the direct beneficiary of the elder master's musical imagination, and Haydn's shadow lurks within (and sometimes looms over) the music of composers like Schubert, Mendelssohn, and Brahms.