Ontological Argument Essay

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Ryerson University St. Anselm's initial ontological argument for the existence of God. Student’s name: Fedor Baydakov (ID: 500 331 946) Professor: Dr. James Cunningham Course: PHL110 Section number: 031 Win 2010. This paper will be an explanatory exposition of the St. Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God, Gaunilo’s counter-argument and St. Anselm’s response to Gaunilo. St. Anselm conducts his argument as a thought experiment, in which we are invited to think of the greatest being thinkable. The point of the experiment is to show that we cannot successfully think of such a being without thinking of a being that exists. Guanilo’s counter-argument represents usage of the same logic and reasoning as St. Anselm’s inference to prove the existence of another being. Guanilo proves that in his case St. Anselm’s argumentation is incorrect and hence, St. Anselm’s ontological argument is incorrect as well. In his response, St. Anselm emphasizes inaccuracy of Guanilo’s interpretation by distinguishing two kinds of beings and, as a result, strengthens his argumentation. Ontological argument is the argument for the existence of God, based only on premises derived only from logic reasoning and analysis. It is a priori, which means independent of experience and observation of the world. First of all, St. Anselm assumes that God is the greatest being that ever could be or the greatest being thinkable (GBT). The GBT is the greatest being possible, it puts “limitation on intelligence”, or in other words, it is impossible for human being even to think of another being that is greater than the GBT. Therefore, St. Anselm states that if what you are thinking about still allows you to think of something that is greater than the GBT, then you are thinking wrong about the GBT. Based on this, St. Anselm makes his first argument – if

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