The new LDL levels were notably measured by their percent change from the old LDL levels. It is said that the 6 mg/kg dose lowered LDL levels by a percent change of 56% while the 3 mg/kg dose lowered LDL levels by a percent change of 46%. After 4 weeks the scientists found that some patients even had a LDL level reduction on 80% on the highest dose (6 mg/kg)! A blocking variable of name, race, or gender is not noted in the article. However, it is said that patients using cholesterol-lowering statins were used for the experiment which means patients who had high levels of cholesterol were mainly used as experimental
P3-Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings M2- Compare sociological explanations for different patterns and trends D1- Evaluate the way patterns and trends in health and illness are measured Researches into health inequalities in the UK were published between 2005 and 2007. The life expectancy between those who live in the less fortunate parts of the country compared to the affluent parts of the country is 11 years. This could be due to the fact that people who are less wealthy than others usually don't get the best treatment when it comes to poor health. Compared to those who can afford private doctors, they will receive the best treatment needed. This is due to social class.
HCG linked to losing weight was discovered by a London physician in the 1950s. The claim states this doctor was treating boys with low testosterone levels using HCG and he noticed that they were losing abnormal fat. He linked HCG to this cause and started using HCG to treat obese patients. HCG can be used to lose weight quickly, at a rate of one to three pounds per day (because of the low caloric count). Due to the lack of nutrients this diet provides and such low calorie intake, this diet can be used for no more than 6 weeks, with a 3 week break in between.
These students showed an increase in sIgA whereas during the examination period, which stretched over several weeks, the levels of sIgA decreased. He proposed that short-term acute stress may actually up regulation therefore increasing efficiency but chronic stress may cause down-regulation. Lazarus criticised both these studies as he says that it is difficult to establish a relationship between stress and illness. He suggests that health is
According to National Institute of Health concluded that, Pharmacological treatment may be useful for acute and transitional insomnia. Despite of many positive outcomes of randomized clinical trials of hypnotics drugs have several long term side effects, such as impairment in memory and psychomotor, dependency and tolerance issue. 5The overall rate of prescribed medication for insomnia fell by 24 % between 1987 and 1996.3 Moreover, FDA approved hypnotics use declined by 54% in the treatment of Insomnia, while the use of trazodone and other antidepressants medications rose by 146%. 3 This trend continued through 2002, such that trazodone became the most frequently used medication for the treatment of insomnia and there are other antidepressants, antipsychotic and sedatives gain favor for the treatment of insomnia.4 The preferential use of off label medication for insomnia suggests that there must be substantial evidence supporting this practice. One of the studies was performed in Somerset West, to measure the effect of trazodone 100 mg, as compared to placebo on objective and subjective sleep and awakening quality in depressed patients.6 In this single blind, placebo controlled cross over study one group of eleven patients aged 35-75 years with the diagnosis of nonorganic insomnia related to major depressive episode were included and compared with the same age of control group.6 Patients were also essential to meet DSM-IV criteria for diagnosis of nonorganic insomnia related to major depressive disorder.6 Patient with history of substance or alcohol abuse and trazodone hypersensitivity, significant medical disorders, pregnant and lactating women were excluded from this study.6 During the study patients were not allow to use of sedatives, antidepressants, narcotics or anticholinergic.6 Patients were inspected adaptation night, followed by placebo/baseline night and Trazodone, 100
The author talks about different medicines and the affects it has on children. He also talks about placebos and how they affect bipolar disorder in children. His main focus is diagnosing children and the treatments used when they are diagnosed. He states in his open paragraph, “There has been great public and academic interest in the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorders (BD) in children and adolescents over the past decade, originally in the US but now extending internationally. Thus, in the US in the past decade, diagnoses of BD in children under 18 years old have risen 4000% in the community.
Their sleep was also restricted on the night before the laboratory day. Research found that there was not enough evidence to support that caffeine intake improved the way young adults felt or acted during the testing period, contrary to the world wide conception that caffeine is a effective stimulant. The testing was done 4 times and took about 2 hours to complete. Sleep is also a very important factor when it comes to performance and mood, whether or not caffeine is ingested. The Effects of Sleep and Caffeine on Performance and Mood The study was done to see if performance and mood could be affected in healthy young adults by their daily caffeine intake and sleeping habits.
Persons with traumatic brain injury who participated in six weeks of the Quality of Life and Awareness Training (QLAT) were compared to persons who did not participate in six weeks of the QLAT to see if they differed significantly in the way that they perceived quality of life and awareness of their deficits. Therefore the research questions sought to determine if persons with traumatic brain injury who participate in six weeks of the Quality of Life and Awareness Training differ significantly from persons who do not participate in six weeks of the Quality of Life and Awareness Training in the way that they perceive their quality of life. Secondly, if persons with traumatic brain injury who participate in six weeks of the Quality of Life and Awareness Training differ significantly from persons who do not participate in six weeks of the Quality of Life and Awareness Training in awareness of their deficits. Research
ATCH causes the adrenal cortex to enlarge and release cortisol - this can then weaken the immune system. Therefore, if the body receives too much stress, it can result in serious illness. Gerra (2003) investigated the death of a spouse and how it affects the immune system. Individuals who had recently experienced an unexpected bereavement showed lower lymphocyte activity compared to matched non-bereaved controls. This difference was observed 40 days after the death and in some participants, still continued after six months.
Sleep has been found to be more important in children than adults. A study was taken on 12 year old children to see what effect sleep had on them. In this study, there was a comparison between overweight children that slept only 14.4 minutes less than normal weight children (Horne). The results brought the conclusion that for every extra hour of sleep, the child was 20%-40% less likely to be overweight (Horne). This appears to be a bigger impact than in adults.