Michel Foucault: Panopticism Foucault’s essay, “Panopticism” twists how we usually think about our society. He brings up a theory of how society, thought we think of it as being free, can actually be a prison set up by very intelligent individuals to create what they think is the best way to govern a human society in order for it to continue as we know it. It is also brought up that this “Panopticon” could have been around for a very long time. He shows examples of times during plagues, prisons, and even talks about schools and hospitals. Society is trying to form us in order to fit it, to be able to fit into the society means that we have to be trapped by it.
One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest-Practice Exam Answer “The setting that is most accessible and relevant to the reader is one that is grounded in realism” To what extent do you agree with this statement? Life in America was very different to today in the late 1950s. The social norm was to conform and behave, a mentality woven into the fabric of society by former generations and oppressive governments. Ken Kesey’s novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, creates a microcosm of this society which is used to replicate the injustices of the outside world and display them for all readers to see. Kesey depicts the ward setting as a controlling, emotionless environment.
This essay will first illustrate the definition and main contents of globalization and realism, then it will focus on the challenges realists face under the shadow of globalization, as state-centric approaches are undermined by the new emerging actors, states lose the monopoly of authority and power resources, and it suffers the ‘relative deterritorialization of activities’ (Mcgrew, 1992). To finish off, it will reverse to demonstrate the relevance that realism relies for survival, to say it’s not anachronistic, as national interests are always concerned firstly when dealing with international issues, international system didn’t shift from anarchy to other forms and other ideas like balance of power and survival remains ture. Globalization can be defined as the ‘time-space compression’ (Harvey, 1989), or ‘a process that involves a great deal more than simply growing connections or interdependence between states.’ (Mcgrew, 1992) According to the definition, world can be seen as a shared social space, which means the ‘great divide’ between the domestic and international politics is dimed. This also set the stage for the appearance of other new actors which will be explained below. Realism is the dominant theory of international relations, especially better fit for the area before the 1990s.
A Theoretical Paper on Hegemony In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements in CA 8: Communication & Socio-Cultural Change Submitted by ESPOS, Jullienne BORJA, Ilayah EMLANO, Chynna DASALLA, Nicolo Ben MATEO, Desiree INTRODUCTION Social control and dominance for power have been present in every civilization. To remain in the seat of power and maintain control over classes or masses, several forms of government have been established and different laws, policies, and decrees had been drawn up to pacify political, economic, and social tumult. These forms of government are amended overtime, flawed bylaws and legislations are repealed, and new laws are created and implemented. Different pleas for social change have been made and ultimately, perhaps after decades of flak, social change ensues. Strange though, is how several ideologies still remain dominant and through time do not seem to ebb but rather only change form or structure, like patriarchy, racism, and other social issues.
Entrapment across Othello, Hamlet and One flew over the cuckoo’s nest is presented as a form of’ madness’ resulting from both society’s expectations and perceptions of normality. Discuss this view. Most characters across the three texts ‘Othello’, ‘Hamlet’ and ‘One flew over the cuckoo’s’ nest are entrapped to a great extent by the conflict between the individual and society. Ken Kesey’s’ One flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest’ explores the notion that mental illness is a societal construction and does not really exist; as an idea he implies that it conflicts with the individual’s freedom to express themselves, without judgement. The character of Nurse Ratched, who is called big nurse by the others, represents the institution of psychiatric medicine.
Since long before the birth of Christ people have subjected themselves to the rule of others, transferring their rights and freedom to appointed individuals in exchange for safe, regulated social orders. The idea of the social contract flourished through the writings of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the 17th and 18th centuries and is still a relevant concept in explaining the legitimacy of state power in the modern world today. The social contract is not binding, and can be broken at any time. However I will argue in this paper that, although we are not obliged to obey the social contract, we will continue to do so because it is in our best interests. In this paper I will critically evaluate the social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau and attempt to explain why we will always obey the social contract and why it is important that we continue to do so.
Characteristics such as the antecedents of groupthink will be evaluated, including provocative situational contexts and cohesiveness (Janis, 1972, 1982, 1989). Group decision making and the effects of groupthink along with its advantages and disadvantages will also be discussed. Communication is of the high importance for groups in making decisions as is the social influence within a group. Emphasis will be placed on how the new President of the USA ‘Barack Obama’ can be made aware of groupthink. Preventative techniques and evidence of groupthink will be suggested as a means to help the President avoid groupthink from occurring too often in his administration.
‘Just remember that the popular thing is not always the right thing’ (54).The wave demonstrates several examples of the power of peer pressure and the harm it can cause. In the beginning of the novel Ben Ross’s wife Christy and Laurie’s mum Midge both give warnings against the wave movement, these women’s warnings foreshadow in the near future, but were ignored in the present, and after the wave had started there was no stopping it. During the formation of the wave a letter was sent to Laurie and the other grapevine members, the letter stated that a person was being bullied into the wave, and a senior had said that if they didn’t join, they would be disliked by their friends. The letter was
Its main principle is the consent of the subjects to be ruled by the rulers. The Social contract theory set foundation concepts that became the underpinnings of democratic government. The social contract philosophy influenced the implementation of democratic government in many countries and had particular influence on the framers of the U.S. Constitution. However I believe that there are a few laws which are undermining the original notions of the social contract. There are many complex issues but in this paper I will argue that the practices of our government frequently undermine the original notions of the social contract theory.
Take our own struggle for independence as an example. It was our own fight, a medium to convey to those sitting up there, a cry for help. My fellow opponents will argue, “If we shouldn't do anything, why was the UN formed, why were these NGOs established?” My answer to that would be, If the butterfly was helped to come out of its cocoon, would it be able to fly? Punishment, violence, and more punishment. It’s just a vicious circle, and let me tell you a secret.