Article 25 says that “The state promotes family planning so that population growth may fit the plans for economic and social development”, and Article 49 states that “Both husband and wife have the duty to practice family planning”. In fact, the constitution cannot enforce jurisdiction directly in China, so the government has published many treaties, rules and ordinances to execute this policy, and finally in 2001, there was a law for family planning. However, as there is a serious decline of newborns and the population growth was slow down, China has lost benefits because of the large population. This means that the labor cost is gradually becoming higher, and the productivity of the whole country is a slowing down. Also, the aging society has become a big problem in China, which is only a developing country.
After China became the People’s Republic; the Chinese people have enjoyed an improvement in their sanitation, medicine, and lifestyle. These improvements caused a population explosion, which was proudly advocated by Chairman Mao Zedong in 1948, who thought more people meant more money, and subsequently, more power (Fitzpatrick, 2009). Unfortunately, the ever increasing population was badly impacting their national food supply, which initiated the start of China’s plan to control their population (Fitzpatrick, 2009). China has had multiple failed attempts on trying to reduce their fertility rate (Fitzpatrick, 2009). Ultimately, the most effective solution became the one child policy, which was implemented in 1979 (Fitzpatrick, 2009).
For example, in Beijing, which is the largest city in China, more than half of the families have only one child ( Hesketh and Wei Xing, par 1-7). Even though some people think that China’s policy of one child will improve China’s future, the policy violates basic human rights, creates an imbalance in the population, and produces many psychological problems with negative social impacts. The Chinese government claims that the application of a strict one-child policy exists for the well-being of Chinese society, and the methods used to implement this policy are under legitimate means. However, the measures forced the application of a one-child policy incompatible with human rights and led to violations of human rights. First, the one-child policy applies to the vast majority of people, but does not apply to the wealthy people who can afford to buy their way out of this
Chinese one-child policy The Chinese one-child policy is a system designed to restrict married, urban couples to having only one child. It was put in place to prevent the population’s rapid increase, as the population was becoming too high for the country to manage. Hundreds of millions of extra children were born in a baby boom that sent the birth rate soaring to 5.8 children per couple. The country could not cope with this baby boom, and therefore had to take action, and put in place the one child policy... but was the policy really successful? If a family ignores the policy, and has more than one child, they will have to pay a large fine; can lose their job, and any bonuses at work.
The policy was established to improve social, economic and environmental problems in China, as well to reduce the rapid growth of China’s population. It is known that from 1979 to 2011, China has prevented 400 million births. The One Child Policy was introduced to china for many reasons. One reason would be to supply China’s people. Like every other country, China has a limited amount of food, water, shelter and education; it does not have enough resources to supply the whole country, especially if the one child policy was never introduced.
These resources are used to portray the chronological changes in the Chinese society and how these fluctuations have impacted the suicide rates. The decade of the 1990s began with some of the highest suicide rates around the world, however, the major economic and political shifts consequently reduced the suicide rates by the year 2000. The society started getting used to the novel financial and societal model and finally began reaping the benefits. The decade of the 2000s presented some vital alterations in the model of the Chinese suicide. For example, both urban and rural suicide rates decreased, male suicide rates became higher than those of the females, and elderly suicide significantly increased.
Title: Impact of China’s One Child Policy Word Count: 994 words Today, with a population of 1.3 billion, China is the most populated country on earth. But without the implementation of the ‘One Child Policy’, there could have been almost 400 million more people in China. Made mandatory by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979, the One Child Policy worked to address ongoing economical, social and environmental issues caused mainly by overpopulation. It was initially intended as a temporary fix, yet after 33 years the policy still exists. It has impacted and challenged China in ways that were expected and unexpected, both positively and negatively.
In 1979, when the One Child Policy was introduced, the purpose was for the Chinese population to decrease. With the policy in place, it has stopped 400 million births happening. This is a huge amount for only 35 years of being in place, so isn’t China happy with the results it has obtained? China, still believes that it needs to carry on the policy even though it has prevented so many births already; however if the policy is to be continued, it is essential for the Chinese government to work on the issue of gender equality. Due to the policy, China has too many men and not enough women, there are 120 men to every 100 girls.
However, on the other hand, penalties are given if they disobey the rule set. This essay will be assessing the positive and negative effects of the OCP and whether or not it has been an effective or successful policy. The birth rate (BR) had fallen from 31 to 19 by the end of the 1990s over 20 years after the policy was put in place. A crisis of population exceeds its food supply would have occurred if the population carried on increasing. This crisis has been avoided as there was a 300 million reduction in the population.
Most people move to the city because they want to get a better life. With rapid urbanization, the movement of migration from rural to urban is hurried, so a country has no time to plan for their existence at the cities. Although urbanization has changed the life of hundreds of millions of people in China, and it also has improved the economic development, if the urban population continues to grow rapidly, the problems such as public health with medical service, environment issues, and employment problems will continue to worsen which will hurt the country. With the technological and economic development in China, medical technology has a substantial change in the past decades. However, as the cities’ expanse, China’s urban population is growing rapidly, so the public health problem increase seriously, and it has become a big issue in China.