Personality and moral self explain how and why human beings make free choices. The libertarianism theory has been explained by CA Campbell, who said that human beings see themselves as free agents and therefore accept moral responsibility for their actions. Humans must accept responsibility for these actions and face any consequences that may come their way. John Stuart Mill - an influencal figure in Liberatarianism – believe we are free and morally responsible for all our actions. Mill believed it was extremely important that an indivduals free will should not be crushed by society.
Actually there are two sides in this issue, one of them is the ideals and the literal concepts that they have wished to keep and the other one is the lived fact that exists on the reality. On one hand, the American dream ideals of freedom are: people are equal; all humans have the same rights and no superiority at all. These are the theories that have been figured out to establish a society based on justice and fairness. Being free according to the American Dream is to illuminate any constrains or restrictions. On the political side, everyone is free to reject, to revolute and simply to say no.
To allow human beings to be human, meaning the capability of humans to choose what they do and do not do and strive for whatever personal endeavors they aspire for, necessitates that the fundamental liberties be protected and held equal. These liberties are not to be influenced, changed, or tinkered with by economical, financial, or any other circumstances; all persons are entitled to these liberties regardless of status or wealth. Although the first principle is priority over the second principle and other potential conflicts, it does however still have its limits. Certain liberties not listed above, such as freedom of contract, are not protected or granted by the first principle since they are not basic liberties. The second principle of justice declares, “social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both (a) reasonably expected to be to everyone’s advantage, and (b)
Soft determinists therefore believe that events to be determined but also believe that free will does exist and still can be applied to our actions. Soft determinists defend compatibilist and say that even though they accept determinist thesis, we still believe in freedom. If we cannot establish that actions are completely determined then soft determinists have to believe in free will. If we knew everything then we might be able to predict a person’s actions but since this cannot be done and is a big if, which is the heart of the determinist thesis, turns out to be unobtainable in practice; this simply means that in theory we are still determinists but we can also believe in free will and hold people responsible for their actions. (Solomon, Higgins, 2010:235) Soft determinism maintains that we possess the freedom required for moral responsibility, and that this is compatible with determinism, even though determinism is true a person can still be deserving of blame if they perform a wrongful act.
A communitarian view on society states that each individual is responsible for his status inside a given community; that such a community is equally responsible for the status of its individuals. It states that any law or practice should be based on a purely democratic and not a simple majoritarian perspective. Polities should be determined to foster participation and deliberation, not to dictate policies but rather mandate a collective perspective. Indeed all this must be done, and more, in an effort to regulate a healthy society in which all individuals are equal in the community and that contribute equally back to the community. However, how can a society be democratic without being majoritarian?
Human rights are the fundamental rights that humans have by the fact of being human, and that neither created nor can be abrogated by any government. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights did not just emerge easily from a vacuum and it would be the final declaration aimed at securing certain rights for citizens in nation-states. What the declaration includes is traced back to Magna Carta (1215). Those that came after have emerged as strategic responses to social and political alteration. John Locke, who is often credited as the father of human rights and liberalism, maintained that humans were free and equal, and that the ideal society was based on a social contract between the humans and those who governed.
In the business and stakeholders context, Kant’s principle of respect for persons asserts that every human being is entitled to be treated not merely as a means to the achievement of the efforts of others, but as a being valuable in his or her own right; that each person is entitled to be respected as an end in himself or herself. The principle of respect for other people recognizes that a person is an autonomous moral agent who has his or her own desires and the free will to act upon the fulfillment of those desires. No person has the right to demean another person’s desires or rob him or her off
Humanistic perspective is the view that argues that you are free to choose your own behavior, rather than reacting to environmental stimuli and reinforcers. The humanistic perspective on personality deals with human behavior. Humanistic psychologists believe that human drives towards personal growth and is based on the freedom to choose your own free-will. Excluding the environmental factors, humans are mostly conscious beings and are not controlled by unconscious needs and conflicts. They also believe that a person's subjective view of the world is more important than objective reality.
What I believe that the definition of independence is the absolute freedom to do what you want, and to not be held back by any rules or laws of government or man, but by the rules and laws of nature and your own conscious. My view of independence may greatly differ form your beliefs on the definition but in this paper I will try to show exactly what my perspective on the definition of independence is by my experiences, my beliefs, my thoughts, and research on the subject at hand. Firstly, I believe that independence can not be the definition of what your government says is independent. If you go by what the government says is independent than why not go by Chinas definition of independence, or by the communists party’s definition of independence. If you are being governed than you are not truly independent.
At first glance, it appears that the Houyhnhnms have successfully achieved a perfectly governed and structured society. However, as Swift opens up and examines the Houyhnhnm’s actions and beliefs, he exposes the irony of their hegemonic society that prevents them from achieving utopia. The Houyhnhnm society, when looked at upon the surface, is clearly strong, stable, and fair. The Houyhnhnms believe that nothing should be done in excess, and that benevolence to all of their own kind is the key to sucess. They believe that there is no such thing as an opinion, because no creature can proclaim a statement to be true, so all they trust is truth and fact.