On Giants' Shoulders- Area Of Study Change Essay

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Change is Fundamental Part of Life The cause of societal change is the constant alteration in people’s perspectives. Such change is portrayed in the non-fiction novel On Giants’ Shoulders by Melvyn Bragg. In the book, Bragg tells the stories of twelve great scientists and how they have made their impact on the world. This change is further explored by Martin Luther King’s evocative I Have a Dream speech and Gwen Harwood’s poem New Music. Societal change is evident in On Giants’ Shoulders, as Bragg focuses on how twelve extraordinary scientists have sculpted the way we perceive the world today. Bragg discusses the question of whether scientific change is caused from individual agents, or if it arises from small movements amongst many people: The “lone genius” versus “the collective” is an argument which will, necessarily, run through a book such as this. One of the problems for Galileo was that the Church wanted to leave the heavens out of bounds as far as scientific enquiry was concerned. Societal change is also seen through Martin Luther King’s I Have a Dream speech. This speech stresses the urgent need for change through King’s repetitive phrase “One hundred years later...” King emphasises his scorn of the injustice and inequality that has persisted for too long: One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. The metaphor of ‘chains of discrimination’ creates a historical reminder of the slavery the Negroes have endured. King symbolises segregation and discrimination as an invisible manacle of change to provide a more concrete image of the issue in the reader’s mind. Change in this text, is shown as a powerful force when a society wants to improve their lives.

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