Khufu’s Last Wish Three monolithic structures stand in testament to great kings of old in the vast necropolis of Giza. Known to us as pyramids, they were built in 2560 BC, known to us it stands at 140 meters tall, known is that upon completion these colossal structures were incased within an integument of limestone. Unknown however is why the Egyptians had built this monument to their God incarnate king. It was initially believed that the Pyramids were constructed with a plethoric assembly of slaves, In fact Herodotus wrote of seeing 100 000 slaves straining themselves at the mercy of a whip man, this group would be relieved by another group every annual quarter. This recount however is rife with discrepancies as King Khufu - 4th Dynasty ruler of Egypt - the royal responsible for the commissioning of the Great Pyramid, did not have a vast body of slaves at his disposal, and even if he had, there was no way that 100,000 could work simultaneously on one pyramid.
Such was the importance of Imhotep's achievement that he was deified by later Egyptians.  The most prolific pyramid-building phase coincided with the greatest degree of absolutist pharaonic rule. It was during this time that the most famous pyramids, those near Giza, were built. Over time, as authority became less centralized, the ability and willingness to harness the resources required for construction on a massive scale decreased, and later pyramids were smaller, less well-built and often hastily constructed. Long after the end of Egypt's own pyramid-building period, a burst of pyramid-building occurred in what is present-day Sudan, after much of Egypt came under the rule of the Kings of Napata.
The pyramid is also the tallest man made structure for over 3800 years, and was later surpassed by Lincoln cathedral. The pyramid is a tomb built for the fourth dynasty Egyptian king Khufu, and that is why the pyramid of Giza is also called Khufu’s pyramid or the pyramid of Khufu. Khufu was remembered as a very ruthless king, but he is also remembered as the builder of the pyramid. The pyramid was built just under 30 years, used about 2 million blocks of stone, each blocks weigh 2.5 tons, and how did they move them from 500 miles away? Well a lot of people belief that sloping ramps built out of mud, stone, and wood were used as transportation.
Khufu’s pyramid faces north entirely followed by the other two. This pyramid is most famous of the three for many reasons. Standing at its original size of “482 feet high on a plan that’s 760 feet square” (Trachtenberg and Hyman 65) the structure has extremely detailed internal arrangements consisting of three different chambers. My research will mainly focus on the internal arrangements of the pyramid. Archeological evidence shows that the bottom chamber was abandoned, while the second was named the queens chamber.
Hammurabi made Babylonia into an empire and the society was thriving - he also created the earliest written set of laws called The Code of Hammurabi. It has 280 judgments detailing Babylonia’s rather severe law system (compared to other Mesopotamian city-states of the time period, anyway) - for example, capital punishment was given for crimes such as theft. Hammurabi’s rule was in the time period now referred to as ‘Old Babylonia’. At this point in time, the Babylonian common people’s lifestyle had become rich, full and usually peaceful. They developed
The Culture of ancient Egypt was born 5000 years ago, and for many centuries powerful rulers called pharaohs ruled the land. The people of ancient Egypt respected their Pharaohs and helped them by constructing the buildings to honor their leaders and gods. This is evident from the remains of the breath taking architecture left behind by their civilization. Today over 80 pyramids remain all over Egypt, most of them found along river Nile up to the capital Cairo. The Egyptian culture mixes African, Asian and European ideas.
The pyramids of Egypt are the best known example of Egyptian architecture. According to the ancient Egyptian belief, pyramids were built to protect the bodies of Egypt kings and royalty for their life after death. Pyramids can be defined as large structures with four triangular sides that meet in a point at the top, directly over the centre of the pyramid’s square base. There are approximately 110 pyramids currently known in Egypt, most of them in bad condition and almost destroyed and others that have remained unfinished. The first pyramid built that was similar to a true pyramid, was built during the 3rd Dynasty – 2630 B.C.
The Rise of the British Empire The British Empire was the greatest empire the world ever knew. It covered one quarter of the Earths land mass and dominated most of the Earth’s waters. It also included 450 million people, a quarter of the world’s total population 300 million of whom lived in India. Britain is what you would call an “island fortress” because we are completely surrounded by water and the English Channel is a kind of moat that hasn’t been successfully crossed for 1000 years as Britain’s last successful invasion was in 1066. Many have tried since then but all have failed, such as the Spanish armada in 1588.
Some, such as Amun, was worshipped throughout Egypt. Often gods and goddesses were represented part human and part animal. Temples were considered dwelling places for gods. Each city had a temple built for the god of that city. As the priests became more powerful, tombs became a part of great temples.
"The Egyptians began using the pyramid form shortly after 2700 B.C., and the great heyday of constructing them for royalty extended for about a thousand years, until about 1700 B.C." The first pyramid was built by King Djoser during Egypt's Third Dynasty. His architect, Imohtep, created a step pyramid by stacking six mastabas, rectangular buildings of the sort in which earlier kings had been buried. The largest and most well-known pyramids in Egypt are the Pyramids at Giza, including the Great Pyramid of Giza designed for Pharaoh Khufu. The pyramids were usually placed on the western side of the Nile because the pharaoh's soul was meant to join with the sun disc during its descent before continuing with the sun in its eternal round.