Ol&Amp;#304;Ve Schre&Amp;#304;Ner - Dream L&Amp;#304;Fe And Real L&Amp;#304;Fe Essay
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Theory of Knowledge
• Epistemology: is a branch of philosophy about nature and the source of knowledge
• Truth Belief Justification everybody is skeptic skepticism
• Knowing-that (belief) / Knowing-How / Knowing why ( offer an explanation )
• in mathematics, it is known that 2 + 2 = 4, but there is also knowing how to add two numbers.
• Knowing something about balance in physics doesn’t change balancing in the bike
• To believe that sky is blue means accepting that the statement the sky is blue as true
• Belief= Knowledge "I know P, but I don't believe that P is true"is contradictory because knowing it should mean believing its true
• Moore's paradox = "It's raining outside but I don't believe that it is."
• If someone believes something, he or she thinks that it is true but may be mistaken.
• For example, a man thinks that a particular bridge is safe enough to support him, and he attempts to cross it; unfortunately, the bridge collapses under his weight. It could be said that the man believed that the bridge was safe, but that his belief was mistaken.
• You can thing something is true = you can believe in that thing but Your belief may be mistaken so we cant say he KNOW that bridge is safe but if he passed the bridge safely he would say he KNOW that the bridge was safe at least for now
• So we can say to know something KNOWLEDGE must be TRUE
• Aristotelian ( based on Aristotle’s theories or his followers’) =
• "To say of something which is that it is not, or to say of something which is not that it is, is false. However, to say of something which is that it is, or of something which is not that it is not, is true."
• According to the theory that knowledge is justified true belief, in order to know that a given proposition is true, one must not only believe the relevant true proposition, but one must also have a good reason for doing so.