Offender Profiling Essay

1997 Words8 Pages
Offender profiling is the establishing of a hypothesis to identify a criminal via examining the evidence accumulated from a crime scene, this helps authorities narrow down searches for individuals with traits that correlate with signatures of the crime, one such noted profiler was Robert Ressler. In discussing the FBI approach to offender profiling, it is essential to draw focus on the methodology developed by Ressler and how it is utilised by authorities in addition to its strengths and limitations. In this context offender profiling is used when examining crimes involving serial murders of a sexual nature. The FBI profile emerges from stages, the process begins with what is termed the Assimilation Stage. Evidence of the crime scene is obtained, this would include photographs or an in person examining of the scene, a profile of the victim (including their pathology reports), witness statements and DNA analyses of the victim and the offender. The FBI profiler then draws up a classification for the offender based on the evidence obtained. The offender is categorised as either an “organised” or “disorganised” criminal. An organised criminal would is more methodical, feeling more in control of the situation than a disorganised criminal. For an organised criminal, there would be signs that the crime committed was pre-meditated and planned with minimal evidence left behind, they likely would have known the victim and if sexual assault did occur, it would have been while they were still alive. In contrast, the disorganised criminal would have minimal social skills, likely a low IQ and be criminally inept or inexperienced, the killer would likely not have even known the victim and would instead pick them at random without planning. The crime scene would thus be generally littered with evidence, this would include DNA (blood, semen, effluence too which would suggest that
Open Document