Oedipus the King Essay

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The first mythological play, Oedipus The King meets all of the main criteria to be considered a tragedy. The archetype helps the reader recognize the dramatic cause and effect chain of specific elements. The author includes five of Aristotle’s terms to defining a tragedy: incentive moment, peripeteia, climax, anagnorisis, and resolution in order to pursue a tragoedia. In the play, Oedipus, the protagonist declares a curse on the murderer of King Laius. This specific event marks the incentive moment. The author uses the incentive moment to add drama to the cause and effect chain. Oedipus must complete the task of finding the murderer and exiling him from Thebes. Once he finds the murder the oracle of Thebes will be released from the plague. The cause, finding the murderer, relates to the effect, freeing Thebes. However, the reader knows that the play is a tragedy and therefore the effect will have an unhappy ending, especially for the main character. Soon after, Oedipus sends for Teiresias and quickly accuses him and Creon for the murder of Laius. Yet Teiresias claims his innocence making Oedipus strike out against Creon, thus showing another cause and effect chain. Jocasta, the queen, once married to King Laius and now Oedipus’ wife, quickly arrives at the scene to calm her husband down. Oedipus discusses his reasoning for such behavior while Jocasta interrupts him telling him the true story of how the king died. Oedipus soon realizes he is the culprit for the murder of King Laius. This point in the tragic plot marks the peripeteia, when the fortune of Oedipus changes from good to bad. The author includes the peripeteia in the play to give the plot a more tragic essence. Oedipus, once a courageous, good man, who believed he could find the murderer and free Thebes, is now the bad guy. Now knowing that he is the murderer, Oedipus sends for the Herdsman who also tells

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