To some, Oedipus is more a subject to his fate than his actions which doesn’t let the character to be flourished as a tragic hero. The concept of “tragic hero” was conceived by Aristotle who gave a model of characterization that must be followed for being a tragic hero. According to Aristotle, the tragic hero must fall through his or her own error, or hamartia. Hamartia is a mistake in judgment committed by a tragic hero that stands for “error” in Greek. Oedipus, as a tragic hero, commits some sinful actions although unintentionally which make him fall from the crest of his nobility.
In the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is a classic tragic hero. Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is a king whose life falls apart when he finds out his life story. a tragic hero must cause his own downfall. a tragic hero must be an important or influential man who makes an error in judgment, and who must then suffer the consequences of his actions. Those actions are seen when Oedipus forces Teiresias to reveal his destiny and his father's name.
A tragic hero is virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy that is destined for a downfall. The hero learns from his mistakes and is the protagonist in the story. To be a tragic hero the character must display the elements of a Greek tragedy. In the play ‘Antigone' by Sophocles, Creon forbids Polynices to be buried because he fought with his brother for the throne and wanted the throne to destroy Thebes. Antigone; Polynices sister tries to bury him and Creon has her captured for a punishment.
Through the great tragedy Oedipus Rex, we can easily see how Sophocles personified the tragic hero. Oedipus is the model for Aristotle’s tragic hero because he possesses a tragic flaw, undergoes a reversal of fortune, and in the end, recognizes his mistakes. As part of Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero Oedipus possesses a tragic flaw. This hamartia (tragic flaw) is caused by a lapse of judgment in his past the led Oedipus to engage in a mistake that would forever change his life. After fleeing from Corinth, Oedipus encounters Laios on a crossroad.
For example, when Oidipous talks to Jokasta to find out more about Liaus, the facts only create more suspicion. Oidipous’s initial intention of clearing up the possibility of the prophecy being true, only raises more questions. Moreover, when the messenger delivers news to Oidipous about the natural death of his “Corinthian” parents the plot is further reversed. Lastly, when Oidipous is informed that he was given up as an infant and killed his own father at the road fork, he comes to a realization that his sin is so great that the whole city of Thebes is being punished. Against all odds Oidipous has fulfilled the prophecy and recognizes his hamartia -ignorance.
For example, when Antigone asks Ismene to break the law Ismene replies in fear saying "Think of how terrible than these deaths, our own death would be if we were to go against Creon." (Line 42). The power that Creon has over his people plays an important part in the play. When Creon makes a decree saying that Polyneices will not have a proper burial, his life starts to spiral out of control. This action leads to him being considered a tragic hero.
An example from Oedipus occurs in scene four, when he comes to the realization that he had murdered his own father, and married then his mother. Recognition -- when combined with reversal of the situation -- is said to trigger the emotions of pity and fear (Aristotle 199) this combination is what makes a suitable plot for a legitimate tragedy. A good tragedy must also include character in order to express the purpose of an individual. A good character must be true to life (Aristotle 201). Oedipus is a character that displays trueness to life, for the fact that he is a good person, but he is not perfect.
Instinctively she knows something we did not know that enabled her to sympathize with her husband’s actions. Pity Othello for being a fool who lacks any cynicism towards Iago’s claims and who in end in was manipulated into killing both his wife and himself. Othello, portrayed as a heroic man of nobility is clearly struggling within a white society trying to maintain his honor, dignity and respect. He is a victim of stereotyping suggesting he is to be pitied. We then admire his achievements in overcoming the notion
However, according to Aristotle, “tragedy occurs when noble or great persons being led, through pride or a secret high flaw in their personalities, to suffering that changes their fortune. They must begin in a high position and end in death or some sort of a degraded role”. This downfall is inevitable due to errors in judgement, over confidence, and driving ambition. Marlowe’s “play appears to fulfill what Elizabethans considered to be the legitimate purposes of history, and… is drawn from a chronicle source … we may call it a history play". Edward II is a tragedy revolving around the destruction of a “potentially good man” brought about because of “inherent weaknesses which make him incapable of coping with a crisis he himself has helped to create” 1.
Aristotle believed that a tragic hero must have been a man of greatness and nobility, while still being flawed in essence to his personality. Causing his own demise, the character must suffer far worst then one might think he deserves, at the same time gain insight of this and accept his failure to complete himself and achieve a more righteous self. In my opinion Creon is, according to Aristotle a tragic hero. Creon, being next in line for the political post as King of Thebes, was known for his outstanding beliefs and morals. Creon states, “I say to you at the very outset that I have nothing but contempt for the kind of governor who is afraid/ for whatever reason/ to follow the course of that he knows is best for the state…I have no use for him…” (Antigone.