In historical literature, the Greek gods and goddesses came into existence before the Roman gods and goddesses. Venus is identical to the Greek representations of Aphrodite as an attractive seductive woman. The literature on Venus was borrowed from Greek literature on Aphrodite. Both are known for their envy, splendor, and relationships with both gods and mortals. Venus took on the aspect of a polite mother goddess full of pure love.
It threw light on the fact that Roman women had more opportunities to participate in the cultural, political, and economic life than their Athenian counterparts. In a brief epilogue, Pomeroy draws some general conclusions about the respective status of Greek and of Roman women from evidence presented earlier. Critique: At the time Pomeroy wrote there was, she explains, "no comprehensive book on this subject in English". Although her study was not primarily intended as a college textbook, it soon became the standard text for women-in-antiquity courses. The fact that it has remained in use for almost twenty years indicates that it serves that purpose well.
Creation of gender roles The founder of Western Civilisation, Greece, revered women even by worshiping female gods and creating Amazon legends, however the Greek world still viewed women as “inferior in political, social and legal realms” (Lindsey, L. L., 2005, p. 99). This continued throughout all the other historical periods, from Ancient Rome to the Middle Ages, from feudalism to the Renaissance, from industrialisation to the depression and following the World Wars, from the rise of women’s movements till to-date, the female gender has been slow in gaining ground in achieving their rights and importance in society. Industrialisation brought about numerous employment opportunities for women from various social strata, yet it was only after the Second World War that socially constructed roles started being challenged and more favourable circumstances were by default offered to women. (Lindsey, 2005) Gender roles in marriage and family It is evident that even in religious teachings women’s roles were always considered inferior to men. Even in the Bible’s first book, the book of Genesis it was Adam who was given the privilege of naming the animals as well as naming his female companion, Eve, created by God who is envisaged “by nature disobedient, guileless, weak-willed, prone to temptation
The role of women in homer’s Iliad One of the reasons scholars have found The Iliad so interesting for almost three thousand years is because much of the culture, religion and mythology of the ancient Greeks can be interpreted from it. Literature as it deals with every aspect of individual and society helps us to get a little insight of Homeric time and the treatment of women in that time mainly in homer’s epic poem Iliad. Women from the ancient time have held many roles in the society. In homer’s Iliad women play a modest but important role embodies their relative significance and the impact that they have on the affairs that takes place. Women are mentioned relatively few times in Iliad in comparison with the books devoted solely to the men.
The Wife of Bath, without a doubt is Chaucer’s most memorable character. In the General Prologue, long before her tale is presented Chaucer provides us with insight about her personality while painting a vivid picture of this aged, but lustrous woman in our minds. The Wife, as a storyteller in the Canterbury Tales represents only one of two females, which is a separate estate of its own. She wastes no time in contradicting the proposed stereotypes of what women of this time should think, feel or even how she should present herself. In her own words she suggests even during the middle ages women then, may have wanted the same thing that many women strive for today; to be known as a woman of strength, that is not only fierce because of her words, but because of the power of her sexual instrument.
Homer uses these similes to help the ordinary people of Ancient Greece better understand the characters and events that take place in The Iliad. At one point during the fighting Hera comes down "flying like turtledoves in eagerness to help the Argives". A turtledove represents peace and beauty and referring to Hera as a turtledove shows where her intentions truly lie. Hera is also referred to several times in The Iliad as being “the ox-eyed queen” or being powerful, and
In contradiction to the good roles, there is the role of evildoer, Grendel’s mother. Many of these roles are set and put forth by women in the Old English times so that this tradition stays in continuance. Throughout the epic of Beowulf, Queen Wealhtheow, wife of Hrothgar, has most definitely filled all the roles of these women. Wealhtheow being queen is by far one of her greatest roles “adorned in her gold”(l. 614). Her appearance and the way the author boasts about her make her noticeably royal material “decked out in rings”(l. 621).
The role of women has changed considerably through the years and literature, as an expression of life, reflects it. This issue is important because women have suffered through years a battle of sexes in which they have been totally put aside from social life, under the wing of men; and, moreover, it is a matter of pride and victory that women have with the getting of equal rights both socially and intellectually. In order to establish my point of discussion, I am going to divide my study into three different fields of comparison related to the role of women in the Victorian period and modern day: social background, women writers and women characters. First, the social background, the role of a woman and her place in society. In the late 1800s women did not play an important part in society, due to the fact that they had limited rights.
Others, including her mother and her Aunt, significantly shaped Sybylla’s identity. The impact of Sybylla’s mother’s words “you are lazy and bad” as well as “you’re really a very useless girl for your age” create a negative self-perception of her identity. The use of direct speech enables the reader to visualise and recreate the scene, therefore understanding the effects of other’s on the formation of Sybylla’s identity. Contrary to this, Sybylla’s Aunt Helen promotes positive growth in Sybylla by nurturing her. Her kind and gracious Aunt build’s Sybylla’s confidence and self esteem and is gentle and understanding, recognising her inner beauty, while reinforcing her physical beauty.
The Role of Women in Lanval By: Nikole Smith 5/2/2012 Prof. Howard Canaan. In the story Lanval the author Marie de France’s describes the roles of women to be very stereotypical. These gender stereotypes are actually considered to be harmful, as well as degrading; some example of these gender stereotypes would include: “The fairy appearance in court, the old temptress queen, and Lanval’s lover. According to carlavangrove.com” Women is described as “sexy objects and beautiful maidens in distress, as well as obedient to men and their bodies are their best feature.” (http://carlavangrove.wordpress.com) Some example of this quote would be: “Their clothes were in expensive taste, close-fitting tunics, tightly laced, made up in deep-dyed purple wool.” (Norton P.143) Another example is “My lady, sir Lanval who is so free, beautiful, wise, and praise worthy ordered us to come for you. For she herself has come here too.