Occam's Razor

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Quick: You're doing your bills, and notice that your electric bill for you cabin is ludicrously high. You begin to ponder why; you posit almost outlandish theories; was it because somebody just broke in your cabin and was living there, or could it have been a mean-spirited prank, or even aliens? Your wild suspicions are suddenly alleviated when your other half states: “Occam's Razor, dear. You probably just left the lights on the last time you were there,” thus begging the question of what exactly Occam's Razor is, and what its main uses are. Occam’s Razor is defined as “Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily." Essentially, the razor symbolizes the “shaving” away of unnecessarily complicated assumptions in order to reach the most basic explanation. Ockham most likely derived his philosophy – which is found as “Plurality must never be posited without necessity” in his own works – from the earlier teachings of philosophers such as Alhazen, Thomas Aquinas, and Aristotle. Its simplistic fundamentals allow Occam’s Razor to apply to a variety of fields, such as medicine, religion, and the scientific method. Within the field of contemporary medicine, Occam's Razor is utilized in a form otherwise known as diagnostic parsimony, which in turn is a flourishing topic for discussion and debate within the medical field. Diagnostic parsimony advocates that when diagnosing a given injury, ailment, illness, or disease a doctor should strive to look for the fewest possible causes that will account for all the symptoms While diagnostic parsimony is often regarded as a salubrious theory, admission should also be given to the counter-argument modernly known as Hickam's dictum, that succinctly states: "patients can have as many diseases as they damn well please” (Thorburn 256). It's stated that statistically, patients are more likely susceptible to having multiple common
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