Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

990 Words4 Pages
Research Paper November 15, 2010 Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) People all over the world suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that more than 2 percent of the United States population- or nearly one out of every 40 people- will suffer from OCD at some point in their lives. The disorder is two to three times more common than schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Obsessions are intrusive, irrational thoughts, which are unwanted ideas or impulses that repeatedly build up in a person's mind. Again and again, the person experiences disturbing thoughts, such as "My hands must be contaminated; I must wash them"; "I may have left the gas stove on"; "I am going to injure my child." On one level, the sufferer knows these obsessive thoughts are absurd. On another level, he or she fears these thoughts might be true. Trying to avoid such thoughts creates great anxiety. Compulsions are repetitive rituals, such as hand washing, counting, checking, or arranging. An individual repeats these actions, perhaps feeling momentary relief, but without feeling satisfaction or a sense of completion. People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder feel that they must perform these compulsive rituals or something bad will happen. Most people at one time or another experience obsessive thoughts or compulsive behaviors. Obsessive-compulsive disorder occurs when an individual experiences obsessions and compulsions for more than an hour each day, in a way that interferes with his or her life. OCD is often described as "a disease of doubt." Sufferers experience "pathological doubt" because they are unable to distinguish between what is possible, what is probable, and what is unlikely to happen. People from anywhere can get Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. It strikes people of all social and ethnic groups

More about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

Open Document