Observation of Oil Spills from an Aerial View
The information about the release of an oil spill response during the initial facets is usually somewhat immensely inadequate. Today, oil distribution can be detected and mapped with the use of different types of remote sensing techniques, yet visual observations from aircraft is the most impeccable technique. Consecutive oil movement is anticipated, appropriate oil spill counteragents are implemented and the broader response community is informed of the present status of pollution distribution, when the response team uses these observations.
In the response effort, even though overflights turn out to be a worthwhile asset, yet most observers provide extensively varying reports. When oil-position data is reported from overflights by the different observers during major spills, this issue becomes distinctively distinguishable. Most of these observers are not trained and they are least experienced to recognize and calibrate oil floating on the sea. Astonishingly a substantial amount of people have reported false positive sightings as a spill advances. Many untrained observers have reported algae, ice, kelp beds, natural organics, plankton blooms, etc, as oil. The knowledge of the actual position and description becomes inexplicable. Using a common reporting standard is an ideal way of minimizing some of these problems (Pavia and Payton 1983, McFarland et al. 1993).
The Hazardous Materials Response and Assessment Division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), has been tracking and forecasted oil spill movements for many years. In-house guidelines for aerial observations of oil slicks have been developed through these familiarities.
Providing the following is the aim of this
The intent of this segment is to provide:
• A uniform terminology so that oil sightings can be described,
• Techniques through...