Obesity Essay

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Obesity: Healthcare Policy Corrin Miranda Chamberlain College of Nursing NR 506: Health Care Policy March 2015 Obesity: Healthcare Policy Obesity has been progressing to a global trend that is not only seen in the United States, but around the world. It is caused by a chronic energy imbalance involving both dietary intake and physical activity (Gortmaker, Swinburn, Levy, Carter, Mabry, Finegood, Huang et al., 2011). According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention, “more than one-third of U.S. adults are obese,” which accounts for 78.6 million adults (2014). Many health problems arise from obesity including heart disease, diabetes, some types of cancer and even stroke. Many of these diseases can be fatal causing death, but they can also be preventable. Working on a medical-telemetry unit, there are many patients that come to the floor that are obese and many of them have the diseases listed above and their reasons for being admitted to the hospital are typically exacerbations of these diseases. Majority of the complaints are shortness of breath from heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation, neuropathy pains, cellulitis, ulcers and renal failure from diabetes; having many comorbidities due to the obesity, many of the patients are not able to work and therefore, are usually on Medicaid or Medicare and medical costs are estimated to be $1,429 higher than people that are normal weight (“Adult obesity,” 2014). From talking to different patients, compliance is the main culprit that has been mentioned numerous times whether that is sticking to a diet, medication or physical exercise that their healthcare provider has ordered. Key Points With the increase in obesity worldwide, it has been seen that this mainly driven by a global trade liberization, economic growth and rapid urbanization (Malik, Walter & Hu, 2013).

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