Obesity Essay

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Obesity Sara Hartley Chamberlain College of Nursing NR 281 Pathophysiology I May 22, 2015 Introduction Obesity in the United States is of epidemic proportion. Adult obesity rates have doubled since 1980, from 15 to 30 percent. Childhood obesity rates have more than tripled. Rising obesity rates have significant health consequences, contributing to increased rates of more than 30 serious diseases. (Trust for America’s Health (TFAH), n.d). In 2013 the American Medical Association (AMA) formally labelled obesity a disease. (Pollack, 2013) AMA defines a disease as (1) an impairment of the normal functioning of some aspect of the body, (2) characteristic signs and symptoms, and (3) harm or morbidity. (Martinez, 2013) Obesity currently has 9 applicable diagnoses available in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) ranging from ICD-9 Code 278.00 Obesity Unspecified to ICD-9 Code V77.8 Screening for Obesity. This change, certifying obesity as a disease by the AMA, will allow for reimbursement of treatments for obesity from to insurance companies covering bariatric surgeries to government programs. The following paragraphs will cover what obesity looks like as a disease: etiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and complications, diagnosis and health patterns. Etiology The most common and simplistic cause of obesity is overeating and physical inactivity. Yet, if it were this simple we wouldn’t have an epidemic. Environmental factors, socioeconomic and genetics each contribute. Environmental and socioeconomic levels are intertwined. For example, it is cheaper to buy a bag of Lays potatoes chips ($4) for movie night than a bag of cherries ($5.99 lbs). If you don’t have a car, the corner store which you can walk too sells Lays potato chips, not cherries. Hence environment because cherries aren’t conveniently accessible and

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