Obesity Essay

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Obesity Obesity is a problem causing growing concern for the health of many Americans. Over the past several decades, the United States has seen a dramatic increase in obesity. Obesity has become known as a chronic illness that has variety of associated risks and does not discriminate. . According to data released from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey over one-third adults are obese (Overweight and Obesity Statistics). Obesity is defined as having body mass index (BMI) of 30 kilogram per meter squared or higher, which is based on a calculation of an individual’s height a weight (Pi-Sunyer). Obesity essential results from energy imbalance. The body needs a certain amount of energy, known as calories, from food to mainain basic life functions (Overweight and Obesity Statistics). Body weight becomes maintained when the calories consumed is equal to the number of calories expended, or “burned”(Overweight and Obesity Statistics). When an individual consumes more calories than burned, their energy balance moves towards obesity. Obesity is a chronic illness that leads to many other disorders that as associated with high rates of death, or mortality. The risk associated with obesity is on going but contains many common diseases. Those who are obesity may experience type two diabetes, coronary heart disease, high cholesterol, and certain cancers. Although these are the common risks, each of these diseases allow for the introduction of many other diseases. Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels in the blood are above normal (Risks). In obsess individuals, the bodies’ cells change making cells resistant to the hormone insulin. Insulin carries sugar from the body to the cells where it is used for energy (Risks). When an individual becomes insulin resistant, blood sugar cannot be taken up by the cells causing high blood sugar.

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