Eng 122 English Composition II
Obesity is defined as an excessive accumulation of body fat. Obesity is present when body weight is more than 25 percents fat in boys and more than 32 percent fat in girls. Obesity most commonly begins in childhood between the age 5 and 6 years of age. Overweight and obesity children are defined as being at or above the 85th and 95th percentile of Body Mass Index. “Approximately 30.3 percent of children are overweight and 15.3 percent obese” (AOA). “Overweight prevalence is higher in boys (32.7 percent than girls (27.8)” (AOA). Obesity is most prevalent among Mexican American children 24 percent as compared with 12 percent on non-Hispanic white children and 20 percent of non-Hispanic black children. Obesity occurs when person eats more calories than the body burns up. If one parent is obese, there is a 50 percent chance that the child will be obese. However, when both parents are obese, the child now has an 80 percent chance of becoming obese. Infants born to overweight mothers have been found to be less active and to gain more weight by age three months compared with infants of normal weight mothers, suggesting a possible inborn drive to conserve energy.
There is no definite explanation for the recent epidemic of obesity. However, the causes of obesity are complex and include genetic, biological, nutritional, behavioral, psychological, and cultural factors. Obesity has become high spread with the reduction in physical activity and a move towards high calorie diets. Like mentioned before genetics play role in obesity. Heredity contributes between 5 and 25 percent of risk for obesity. The interrelationship between genetics and the environment is clear; parents provides genes, role models and food. Though nutrition, dietary patterns have changed over the past few decades. Over nutrition has replaced under nutrition as the largest nutrition related problem facing both children and adults. Our...