1. Human Rights Act
Enables a person to be able to: to say what they like as long as they respect others make choices about their life expect people to listen to them have information about their rights have their rights respected be safe at home and having time to themselves speak out and complain if something is wrong choose the people they want to see and who their friends are get married and have children live with people they get on with decide what they spend their money on and get paid for the work they do
(Human Rights Act 2000)
This legislation has made carers and others more aware of rights and how taking this right away may affect that person, it clearly lays out what rights individuals have, no matter what sex, race, age or disability they may have. It has influenced individuals with learning disabilities’ and their families
2.1 A learning disability can be severe, moderate or low and may mean that this person needs extra support in their daily living skills, education or work.
2.2 This can be caused through a difficult birth or an accident affecting the head and brain
2.3 The medical model of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled individual. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected. For example, if a wheelchair using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps.
The social model of disability would see the steps as the disabling barrier. This model concludes on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled.
2.4 Among people who have a learning disability, about 50% of causes have been identified.