This invariably meant that people with disabilities were mainly shut away in institutions with no real need for society to change at all. This model implies that disabled people should make the effort to ensure that they don’t cause any inconvenience. Social Model of Disability: This model argues that the problem lies with society, and that there are various social and physical barriers that hinder people with disabilities, therefore disabling them even more. Within the social model, it is recognised that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce some of the barriers. It is a more pro-active inclusive approach and much thought is given as to how disabled people can participate in activities alongside non-disabled people.
This means decorating their bedroom to their liking and surrounding them with their own belongings where possible. We will discuss with family and wishes expressed by the resident to them regarding how they want their death to be handled. Agreed ways of working provide guidelines for dealing with an issue as difficult as death in a way that is respectful to everyone concerned while meeting the individual’s physical and psychological needs. 1.2 At Hafan-Y- Waun we have an end of life plan that is ideally discussed with every individual in our care. This may not always be possible and it must be handled with much sensitivity.
Take time to enable the individuals you support to be independent. Independence makes people feel in control of their lives and gives them a sense of self-worth. Privacy: You will need to understand each individual’s need for privacy and support this in the way you work. The availability of private space will be different in residential care home and home care environments. Irrespective of which environment, you should always ask permission before entering an individual’s room.
In essence, this model focuses more on the negative attributes of people with disabilities. For instance, it highlights that people need caring for, have trouble going out, and things which suggest their disabilities are the problems. Also, non-disabled people decided what kinds of lives people with disabilities should have in terms of, what school they should go to, where they should live, or whether or not they should be employed. As we can see, people with disabilities had little control over their lives according to the medical model approach. In the 1960s, people with disabilities were mostly shut away meaning that there was no real need to make buildings wheelchair accessible.
You have to build professional relationships with people you support to enable you to deliver the care required to each individual so you can get to know them and find out their likes and dislikes and routines they may have. You must make sure you do not over step the boundaries of the relationship for example visiting them out of working hours or inviting them to your own home. Some people you support may show an interest in your personal life but it is important to keep the answers you reply to their questions minimal, it is fine to share basic information but you must not share significant personal details about yourself. The other relationship of working is building relationships with staff members, team work takes time to work well, not everyone will share the same views on how tasks should be completed, and most teamwork relationships will depend on how well the team is managed. Supportive team working is a good term and can help towards a great team
It allows individuals to have control over their own environment and enables them to decide who is welcome into their homes and lives and who is not. Something we all take for granted. By supporting individuals to live at home it empowers them and allows them to achieve maximum independence and continue to exercise full control over their lives and lead a full life no matter what their level of dependency. 1.2 Compare the roles of people and agencies that may be needed to support an individual to live at home There are various different people and agencies needed to support an individual to live at home. It is important that individuals are introduced to the appropriate services and facilities and support networks to enable them to do this.
Human Rights Act 1998 Mental Capacity Act 2005 Care Standard Act 2000 Disability Discrimination Act 1995-2005 Equality Act 2010 National Health Service and Community Act 1990 Procedure and policies of any organization Codes of Practice 2. Explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. Getting a job or education, traveling, going for a drink or to the cinema with friends are ordinary activities but for disabled people remain difficult to achieve. Disable people have the same fundamental rights as any other people. The legislation who promotes people rights gives protection to people with disabilities not to be discriminated against on the grounds of their disabilities.
This has been introduced by the government to improve the lives of people with learning disabilities and their families and carers. This includes the rights to employment, to buy a house, to be treated as people with needs and wants that they should be encouraged to tell others about. Mental Capacity Act and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (2005). The Mental Capacity Act was introduced as a means of ensuring that everyone should be treated as able to make their own decisions until it is shown that they cannot. A lack of capacity could be because of a severe learning disability, dementia, mental health problems, a brain injury or a stroke.
The lack of access can include no wheelchair access, ramps or lifts in place for both children and staff in a wheelchair. Disabled toilets should also be available. The Disability Discrimination Act in the Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 were amended so that all schools that were built from 2011 must have physical access for all pupils. Organisational barriers Organisational barriers are where policies in the organisation have not been set up correctly or effectively. This can be because of a lack of training in the school, insufficient use of support that is available or a lack of understanding.
Staff should work in a way that promotes person centred care by respecting the client’s needs and preferences, this gives better care and makes the client feel valued and in control of what they want from their lives. Aiii A definition of the term “consent” in adult social care. Consent is agreeing to an activity for example, clients giving consent for medication to be administered. Aiv An explanation of why social care workers must gain the consent of the individual when they are providing care or support. Staff should always consent when providing support, if not the client could be at risk of abuse.