Nutrition Essay

476 WordsAug 6, 20122 Pages
Major mineral Function Source Requirement Deficiency toxicity Calcium promotes strong teeth and bones, regulates blood pressure and clotting of blood, and also helps prevent and/or treat osteoporosis, PMS, and high cholesterol Yogurt, milk, sardines, fortified cereals, OJ RDI for males and females is 1,300 milligrams for 9 to 18 year olds; 1,000 milligrams for 19 to 50 year olds, and 1,200 milligrams for 51 to 70 years old and older. changes in the muscles and bones, leading to fragile bones, backache, tooth decay and muscle cramps. The patient suffers from tiredness, lethargy, nervousness, mental problems and emotional upsets, insomnia and palpitations. One becomes sensitive to the cold, though there is sweating around the head Kidney stones Magnesium Body uses Mg to convert food to energy and to maintain strong bones and teeth. Magnesium also enables muscles to relax (including the heart), and regulate blood pressure. Other vitamins, such as vitamin C and calcium, also work more efficiently when sufficient amounts of magnesium is present bananas, dark green fruits and vegetables, whole seeds, nuts, beans, and grains. USA Recommended Daily Amount (RDA) - 320mg (female), 420mg (male) Muscle weakness and abnormal heart rhythm Difficult for body to absorb calcium Phosphorus Build the structure of bones and teeth. Phosphorus also plays an important role in almost every bodily process meat and dairy products USA Recommended Daily Amount (RDA) - 700mg retarded growth, loss of weight, general weakness, and sluggish brain and nerve functions High intake of phosporus without adequate calcium may cause demineralization of bone. The demineralization of bone is one factor in osteoporosis. So high phosporus low calcium diet may lead to osteoporosis. Luckily, most of the food high in phosphorus are also high in calcium. Sulfur make amino

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