Nursing Theory Grid Camille Delos Santos NUR/403 December 20, 2011 Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Name: Camille Delos Santos Theorist Selected: Ida Jean Orlando Description of Theory: Ida Orlando’s “Deliberative Nursing Process Theory focuses on the interaction between the nurse and patient, perception validation, and the use of the nursing process to produce positive outcomes or patient improvement”(Faust, 2002, para. 1). It is a process that involves nurse-patient collaboration where in the nurse’s intervention “depends upon the patient’s active involvement in determining both the cause of the distress and also an action which may reduce the distress”(Potter & Bockenhauer, 2000, para.
Nursing Theory: Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory and Patient Care Casey Ziegler Chamberlain College of Nursing NR-501: Theoretical Basis of Advanced Nursing March 2015 Nursing Theory: Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory and Patient Care Nursing theory is the backbone of the nursing profession. Nursing theory can be described as the organization of concepts and propositions that are designed for the guidance of nursing practice (Kolcaba's Theory of Comfort, 2013). The concept of nursing theory was first introduced early in nursing school. The basic theories/theorists were introduced to help provide a foundation for nursing students. Once schooling is over, many nurses tend to forget that nursing theory should be incorporated into daily nursing life.
Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Name: kisha Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem Description of Theory: According to Somchit, (1989), Orem’s theory, “Focuses on self-care needs of the patient and is a deliberate action of the nurse who views patients in terms of their self-care capacity. Orem has specified the relationship of her concepts into a set of theories that are interrelated in nursing: theory of self-care deficit, theory of self- care, and theory of nursing systems. With Orem’s theory the focus of nursing is the individual, more specifically the individual’s self-care requisites.
On a daily basis, nurses use these domains in nursing education and patients with chronic diseases. Each domain is comprised of a hierarchy of behaviors, attainable, in order, from simplest to the most complex. His taxonomy would not remain static. In the mid-nineties, Lorin Anderson, a former Bloom student, started a revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy. She changed the categories from noun to verbs and slightly rearranged their order.
Nightingale believed in treating the person itself and not just the disease. | Her theory of practice served as the foundation for the promotion of health. Her theory guided the practice of professional nursing. | Benner, Patricia | Primacy of caring | The practice of nursing depends on the experience learned from engaging in the 5 practice areas (novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert). | The nursing levels reflect movement from reliance on past abstract principles to the use of past concrete experience as paradigms and change in perception of situation as a complete whole in which certain parts are relevant.
The ADN degree can be earned from an accredited community college with approximately one year of prequisite courses and two years of nursing studies. The ADN program was initially created following World War II in order to help alleviate the nursing shortage. The ADN nurse was trained to have strong technical skills, provide patient care, but ultimately to perform under the supervision of a professional nurse. The ADN programs are designed to teach nurses practical bedside care. Students are taught basic communication skills to coordinate with other healthcare team members.
Hildegard Peplau published the first nursing theory in 1952 and was recognized internationally as a nurse leader. Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory emphasized the nurse as a change agent for patients healing. This encouraged interaction between the patient and nurse including concepts of anxiety, frustration, conflict and needs (George, 2011). She describes four steps in the interactional process that are relevant to nurses; orientation, identification, exploitation and resolution (McCrae, 2011). Her work contributed to the development of the National Mental Health Act of 1946 as well as providing input to the World Health Organization and National Institute of Mental Health (George, 2011).
Ms Orem began her career with a nursing diploma from the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Washington D.C. sometime in the 1930’s. Ms Orem continued her education until she received her Master’s Degree in 1945. During this time she worked in the operating room, emergency room, private duty setting, pediatric and medical nursing units and eventually became a director. She became interested in improving the quality of nursing in general hospitals in her state and subsequently became a consultant to the office of education and it was during this time period that she developed and published Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory for the first time in the “Guides for Developing Curricula for the Education of Practical Nurses”. In 1976 she received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Georgetown University.
“Virginia Henderson was born in Kansas City, Missouri, on November 20, 1897. Henderson was the fifth of eight children of Lucy Abbot Henderson and Daniel B. Henderson and was a descendant of a long line of scholars and educators. In 1901, the family relocated to Virginia where Henderson grew into adulthood. In 1918, she entered the Army School of Nursing in Washington, D.C., and received her diploma in 1921” (American Nurses Association, 2012). Shortly after receiving her diploma, Henderson worked for her Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts degrees in nursing from Teachers College, Columbia University and began teaching immediately.
Diploma programs are offered at hospitals and typically last three years. Associate’s degrees in nursing are offered at community colleges and take two to three years to complete. Bachelor’s degrees in nursing are offered at colleges and universities and take four years to complete. Registered nurses (RNs) care for patients and educate them on health issues to prevent future illnesses. Along with technical skills necessary for the medical profession, registered nurses must have people skills to work closely with patients and their families.