Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Task A Physical abuse is where someone deliberately hurts or injures another person. Some examples of physical abuse are scratching, slapping, hitting, biting, restraint or inappropriate sanctions. Signs and Symptoms: unexplained bruises, burns or scalds, bite marks, broken bones, their behaviour may suddexnly change, become withdrawn, anxious, clingy, depressed, aggressive problems sleeping and flinching when approached. Sexual abuse is any non-consensual sexual contact, this can happen to men and women of any ages. This can include, rape, indecent exposure, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual photography, sexual harassment, sexual teaching or innuendos, or being subject to pornography or witnessing sexual acts.
Sexual abuse leaves both behavior and physical signs. Some signs are complaints of genital or anal pain. Irritation, bleeding, and bruising to thighs are also some signs. Most likely the victim has been handled roughly since the attack is about the abuser’s satisfaction, so the victim may also have difficulty in walking or sitting for long periods of time. Sexually transmitted diseases/infections and blood in the victim’s clothing are also signs of sexual abuse.
Medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer. Such events may be related to professional practice, health care products, procedures, and systems. Medication error is an important issue for professional nursing practice in today’s health care world. Approximately 1.3 million people are injured annually in the United States due to medication errors. It has also been reported that thousands of other patients are adversely affected by medication errors or barely avoid injuries that are nonfatal.
• Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost. • Behaviour that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator. • Change of behavior. Sexual Abuse • Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy. • Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas.
Identifying signs and symptoms of the different types of abuse: * Physical abuse-unexplained falls or major injuries, injuries/bruise at different stages of healing, bruise in unusual places e.g. thighs, inner arm, teeth indentations, abrasions, very passive and injury’s to the face. * Sexual abuse-injuries to genital and anal areas change in behaviour, overt sexual language or behaviour, difficulty in walking and sitting. * Neglect-isolation, lack of hygiene, food, heating, clothes, comfort, medication and to prevent client to have access to services. * Psychological abuse-change in appetite, weight, sleep patterns and a change in behaviour e.g.
2. Identify the signs/symptoms associated with each type of abuse: Physical abuse: Series of unexplained falls or major injuries, Injuries/bruises at different Stages of healing, Bruising in unusual sites e.g. inner arms, thighs, Abrasions, Teeth indentations, Injuries to head or face, Client very passive. Sexual abuse: Change in behaviour, overt sexual behaviour or language, Difficulty in Walking, sitting, Injuries to genital and/or anal area. Emotional/psychological: Withdrawal, depression, Cowering and fearfulness, Change in sleep Patterns, Agitation, confusion, change in behaviour also Change in appetite/weight.
Sexual abuse involves forcing someone to take part in a sexual act without his or her consent. Sexual abuse may include touching, forcing an individual to watch pornographic materials, or actual sexual penetration. People who have been sexually abused have more tendencies to smoke, drink, or use drugs, have low self-esteem, develop eating disorders, consider suicide, and become abusers
Burnout in nursing is one of the major problems that occur due to the shortage of staff members, variable shift works, dissatisfaction and stressors of workplace that can lead to physical, emotional, social and long-term career effects to the nurses. However, it can be resolved by following a problem focused copping mechanism and positive emotion focused coping mechanism. Besides this, working as a team at work place and practicing healthy life style also can help in resolving burnout. Causes of Burnout in Nursing The demand of nurses is increasing at a great pace all over the world. No matter how many nurses a country produces every year, there is always a shortage of workers.
There are basically two results of a divorce for the couple; the divorce is either mutual, or one-sided. However, for a child, divorce is a drastic change and traumatic event to experience; it can produce all kinds of psychological and physical results. Although 50% of marriages do not end in divorce, like many people believe, there are still enough to cause an enormous effect on the younger generations in this country Involvement can alienate a child from one or both parents; the effect of this is detrimental to their development. Psychologists have studied these effects for years; according to Craig A. Everett’s Children of Divorce, “children may exhibit higher levels of dependent, disobedient, aggressive, demanding, unaffectionate and whining behaviors” after a divorce. One of the most harmful effects of divorce on children is the stress that accompanies it.
Abstract This paper delves in to the lives of aging caregivers whose lives revolve around caring for their disabled loved ones. Many disabled people are living with family members referred to in this paper as caregivers. With advances in medicine, many disabled people are able to live longer lives. Yet when the caregivers become too old to care for their child, government services will not cover all the costs. Planning for the future of the disabled is an exhausting necessity.