Nursing Essay

810 WordsFeb 16, 20134 Pages
1. Explain Maslow’s theory of basic needs Maslow proposed that there are five levels of needs, the pyramid often used to explain his concept is to show that you must progress through the basic primary needs before you can reach the top, which leads ultimately to self-actualization. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements which are need for food, water, sleep, and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security. Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by failure to meet lower level needs due some problems such as unemployment and poverty. The five levels of needs are as follows: a. Physiological needs; are the physical requirements for human survival or they are the most basic and instinctive needs. If these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly, and will ultimately fail. These needs are thought to be the most important; they should be met first in the hierarchy because all needs become secondary when these needs are met. Examples of physiological needs are water and food and air to breathe. b. Security Needs: they are maintenance of stage one protection being the key. They are important for survival, but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs. Examples of security needs include a desire for safe place of employment, health insurance, safe neighborhoods, and shelter. c. Social needs; human needs is interpersonal and involves feelings of belongingness or a need to belong to a certain group of people and their presence whenever needed. Many go through depression

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