Throughout her Declaration of Conscience, Senator Margaret Chase Smith uses formal diction as well as the appeals of Pathos and Ethos to criticize the Senate for its role in the Red Scare and to encourage Americans to reunite as a country. Margaret Chase Smith achieves her purposes by eliciting Ethos, which is noticeable because of her use of allusion. “…There have been enough proved cases, such as the Amerasia case, the Hiss case, the Coplon case, the Gold case, to cause nationwide distrust...” Here Smith alludes to multiple cases of people being accused of Communist associations. She states that it is cases like these- faults of the Senate- that are influencing the American people to believe that the accusations are true. Naming the cases directly allows Smith to criticize the Senate with exact examples of when they went wrong.
“Yes” is the answer this machine wants. A “but” is frowned upon. A “no” is suicidal. In Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, society clearly exerts this kind of power by seemingly “choosing” the inhabitants of the mental ward. It even delegates the delightful Nurse Ratched to govern their pitiful existence.
From the novel, One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, the most important element that is kept by Forman is the cruelty of the ward. It is the underlying reason behind many of the patients’ actions, such as the rebellion when all the Acutes went against Nurse Ratched, the head nurse, by voting with McMurphy to watch the World Series (Kesey 124). It is what McMurphy fights against in his attempt to reawaken the patients to the Outside. By choosing to include this element, both Kesey and Forman give the reader insight to the events that occur on the ward, especially the rebellion at the end where Chief Bromden escapes the ward and its cruelty. Ken Kesey shows the cruelty of the ward through Chief Bromden’s inner thoughts.
In 'Metropolis' the influences of Maria acts as catalysts for rebellion in dichotomous methods, where Maria advocates peace and False Maria alludes to the "Whore of Babylonian" and the "Seven Deadly Sins". The recurring motif " the mediator between the head and the hands must be the heart" prompts Rotwang to create a perfect human for capitalistic gains. This becomes a downfall when Cyborg Maria calls upon libidinal forces, the workers, to send "death to the machines", foreboding potential cataclysm based on Lang's contextual observations of Weimar Regime. False Maria represents the amalgamation of machine and manifests the hubris of man. Thus, Lang's portrayal of robots depicts the fear of social manipulation with technological advancements and its use during rebellious
The main character R.P. McMurphy would be best described as the antihero, and Nurse Ratched would be the antagonist. Both characters have an important role so far because of how the ward responds to their actions. The conflict between McMurphy and Ratched is at the basis of the whole plot. Before McMurphy entered the ward, Nurse Ratchet ran the place the way that was most
The almighty power in charge of these patients is known as Nurse Ratched who is the oppressive and strict figure who represents modern day society. She has complete control over every aspect of the ward such as schedules and privileges. She is presented as a machine like figure in the mind of the narrator, Chief Bromden Along with Bromden and “The Big Nurse”, there is also Randal McMurphy who is an obnoxious, disobedient, loud and sexual figure who defies all norms and rules of the ward causing a great shift in mindset among the patients. Throughout this novel, Bromden observes and pays attention to everything that occurs around him. He presents several elements in the novel which pose extremely significant symbolic meanings such as cigarettes and keys.
Caged by the Patriarchal Society Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte and “Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria” by Sigmund Freud, both show women who exist (one in fiction and the other in reality) about a hundred years from one another. These women have learnt to survive in a world where rigid structure, manipulation, deceit, and loneliness are caused due to the tight control exerted by the patriarchal society. Dora and Jane struggled to escape this cage that was exerted due to male dominance. Dora and Jane Eyre are both objects of manipulation of the patriarchal society who resorted to forms of male dictated “female hysteria” in order to escape the rigid handcuffs placed upon them. Both Dora and Jane are quiet young when they first encounter some kind of hysteria, or symptoms of hysteria.
The character of Nurse Ratched, who is called big nurse by the others, represents the institution of psychiatric medicine. The social and academic theorist Hubert F Dreyfus tells us that “Foucault was critical of the human sciences as a dubious and dangerous attempt to model a science of human beings on the natural sciences.” (This extract was written by Dreyfus in 1987 as a critique of Foucault) Foucault believed that peoples’ minds cannot be measured by science and scientific terms. Similarly in Hamlet, it has been suggested by the other characters and Hamlet himself that he is “… not in madness but mad in craft” (Act 3 Scene 4 page 8) which suggests that his ‘madness’ is cleverly constructed. Contrastingly in Othello ‘madness is a consequence of Iago’s manipulation. Both characters however are entrapped mentally to some extent, by their own minds and exhibit signs of madness.
McMurphy is both a Byronic and messianic hero and reminds the patients of the ward how to stand up to the rules of society and to think for themselves. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest is centered upon the role of the individual in society and the way it attempts to install order. Sometimes the means in which society imposes order compromises the individual’s freedom. The asylum houses patients who have problems functioning within the social norms of society. Randle McMurphy is a convict, accused of statutory rape charges, who feigns mental illness in order to be relieved of his work detail.
Realism is exposed through the Communist Regime that was taking place in the novel. The regime reveals that the “real” world is corrupt and violent, unlike the thoughts that we would like to believe as being true. “... Tereza recalled the days of the invasion and the girls in miniskirts carrying flags on long staffs. Theirs was a sexual vengeance…paraded their scorn on beautiful long legs the likes of which had not been seen in Russia for the past five or six centuries.” (Kundera 135) This is a clear example of Tereza coming to the conclusion that the “real” world is a very vicious and brutal place. Surrealism is portrayed through Tereza and her way of not accepting the truth, even though it is clearly in front of her face.