Nt 1210 Midterm Study Guide Essay

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NT1210 – Intro to Programming Chapters 1 – 5 Study Guide Chapter 1 – Introduction to Computer Data 1. What is true about 1 bit? * Represents one binary digit 2. What term means approximately 106 bytes? * Megabyte 3. How many bits are in a quadruple word? * 64 bits 4. What is true about random access memory (RAM) as it is normally used inside a personal computer? * Used for short-term memory * Is installed onto the motherboard 5. This chapter describes the concepts behind how a CPU reads the contents from RAM. What is true about the process of read data? * The CPU tells the RAM which address holds the data that the CPU wants to read 6. A user opened a word processer, typed the numbers 123456789, and stored the document as a file called report1. What determines, in part, what bits the computer stores in the file to represent the text typed into the report? * Character set 7. A user has opened a calculator application, typed the numbers 123456789, and then done some math problem using this number. What determines, in part, what bits the computer stores in RAM to represent the number 123456789? * The binary equivalent of decimal 123456789 8. What are features of a file system that might be used with a hard disk drive? * A directory * A file * A place to keep directory information on the hard disk 9. A student writes a report using a word processor, saving the report in a file called my_report. The student stores the file on his laptop hard disk drive. Later, he posts the file on a file-sharing site for a classmate to review the report. Then, he copies an updated version of the file to a flash drive to submit it to his instructor. What are some of the important features supplied by files as defined by a computer OS? * Keeps data in order * Provides a convenient

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