Increasingly, however, researchers are integrating parts of both and seeing the benefits of understanding the two methods in depth, this is often referred to as triangulation (White, 2003). Quantitative data has historically been seen as the stronger of the two, often referred to as the scientific research method, its basis in numbers leaves little to be argued with. Large sample numbers and convincing statistical equations can form very strong support for the research hypothesis. However, when you’re looking at numbers alone, it may be easy to manipulate data. Difficulty in getting a true random selection for sample means that researchers may end up with an opportunistic sample which may support their hypothesis better on the surface but is not a realistic cross-section of the population being studied (Hayes, 2000).
To control or eliminate these threats, controlled experiments are done. 4. The quantitative method is a research technique the produces measureable results that can be analyzed statistically. The qualitative method of research produces subjective results or results that are difficult to quantify. With the qualitative method, there is more room for interpretation.
It aims to give a detailed description of a research topic. I feel that Quantitative is more like how a mans mind works and looks at things and qualitative is more how a womans mind works and looks at things. In counselling I would think the best use for research would be to use both types to compliment each other. Discuss some of the problems and benefits of counselling research. Problems of counselling research can be that it is sometimes time consuming when strapped for time which can also then be frustrating, especially if there is lots of different or contradictory information and so many different theories as this can end up being more confusing and it's not always easy to know what information is best to trust or follow, can sometimes be costly.
This means that the research is more detailed and in depth, but is also more valid. Theoretical issues include reliability, meaning can the researcher trust the information that they have collected. The validity means that it is correct and has no mistakes therefore it can be trusted to use in secondary research. Research bias is when the researcher has their own views on the topic therefore they could incorporate their own thoughts into the research. This could all affect the research as it means that it could affect the final result.
In addition, some people may give false information, which is why some researchers like to stick to interviews and experiments for increased accuracy. Positivists favour questionnaires, as they tend to be reliable. They are also representative so it can be easy to generalise in most cases. However, questionnaires present a range of practical issues that can affect the reliability. For example, with postal questionnaires the researcher cannot be sure whether the respondent has actually received the questionnaire.
One assumption of the cognitive approach is that mental processes can be studied scientifically. This was supported by a study carried out by Shah and Frith: Central Coherence Deficit study. Autistic and non autistic children were asked to locate a smaller shape within a more complex shape. Autistic children could locate the smaller shape more often because they focus on the specific things rather than the whole picture. This study is scientific because the data is quantitative and it can be statistically analysed.
The lack of codes within the proper chapter has resulted in new codes being assigned in chapters of other body systems. This rearrangement of codes also makes finding the correct code more complicated. ICD-10 codes are more specific and granular than ICD-9 codes. This increased specificity will provide better information for identifying diagnosis trends, public health and bioterrorism monitoring, clinical research, outcomes measurement and epidemics outbreak. The more precise codes will also result in accurate payment for new procedures, fewer rejected and fraudulent claims, better understanding of new procedures and improved disease management.
The students remembered more items when interviewers used the cognitive interview compared to the standard interview. This study demonstrates that the Cognitive Interview technique is more effective than the normal interview procedures for retrieving accurate testimonies. The cognitive interview, however, involves an in depth exploration of the interviewees experiences which can be stressful or traumatic therefore it is essential that the interviewees are ensured protection from harm; this is an ethical issue. Geiselman's studies were lab
Can you tell who’s more convincing at this point? Andrew Hacker and Claudia Dreifus’s essay is more convincing than Mike Rose’s essay because the Organization of their essay is easy to follow and understand their position and argument, the evidence to support their argument is from their own institution studies and interviews, unlike Mike Rose’s evidence, which includes his personal life experience to support his argument, last but not least, Hacker and Dreifus’s essay was more about them being concerned of other people’s education. The purpose of organizing one’s essay is to prevent confusion with what others have said, to what the author is saying. The first half of Andrew Hacker and Claudia Dreifus essay involves their argument. The second half is the examples that support their argument.
Combining these two types of research will generate the best of both methods and result in research data that will be more beneficial to the project. Using mixed research will allow researchers to use surveys, interviews, and other methods that they find useful for the study. Data will be able to be analyzed and put into formats that fit the particular audience at hand. Mixed research will also allow researchers to obtain more in depth data. Consideration needs to be taken into account that there will be some respondents that aren’t aware of or have never heard of SOPA.